Tag Archive for Тренировочные упражнения

Тренировочные упражнения. Затруднения и путаница. Confusing cases. Глаголы to DEFEND и to PROTECT.

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Можно внимательно прочитать о различии между глаголами-синонимами “to defend” и “to protect”, прекрасно разобраться и понять их смысл, но это еще не означает, что информация прочно застряла в нашей памяти и мы точно никогда не перепутаем эти глаголы. Но это всего лишь теория. Настоящее понимание приходит только после практических занятий любого уровня. Поэтому без тренировочных упражнений никак не обойтись.

Я напишу несколько предложений на английском языке с пропусками, которые надо заполнить соответственно глаголами “to defend” или “to protect” в нужном времени и перевести их на родной язык. В некоторых случаях подходят оба глагола.

1. The woman raised her arm  to … her face from the blow.

2. The lawyer … his clients very ably.

3. The girl … herself against her attacker with a kitchen knife.

4. These vitamin tablets will help to … you against infection.

5. The duty of a soldier is to … his country.

6. The Conservative party traditionally … the interests of the rich and privileged.

7. The lioness leapt on the huntsman to … her cubs.

8. When the wolf attacked the boy he …. himself with a big stick.

9. In cricket the batsman wears thick pads to … their legs.

10. John said that he was quite prepared to … his views in public if necessary.

11. In this climate we’ll  need  warm clothes to … us against the cold.

12. The accused woman had an experienced  lawyer to … her.

13. My grandparents have built a high wall round the garden to … it from the wind.

14. The little boy was too weak to … himself against the attacker.

15. This raincoat will …  you from the rain.

16. John is going to make a long speech to … his ideas.

17. The workers … their rights to strike.

18. Her husband said that she shouldn’t try to … her children from the real world.

19. You will need sunglasses to … your eyes against the glare of the sun on the snow.

20. This thin coat won’t … from the cold in winter.

21. This fort can’t be … against an air attack.

22. Electric wires are … by a rubber covering.

23. The Russian people … their country from the French army in 1812.

24. The Trade union official promised to … the worker’s interests.

25. He is always quick to … his brother against criticism.

Я заполню пропуски глаголами “to defend” или “to protect” в нужном времени и переведу предложения, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. The woman raised her arm to protect her face from the blow. = Женщина подняла руку, чтобы защитить лицо от удара.

2. The lawyer defended his client very ably. = Адвокат очень умело защищал своего клиента.

3. The girl defended herself against her attacker with a kitchen knife. =  Девушка защищалась кухонным ножом от нападавшего.

4. These vitamin tablets will help to protect you against infection. = Эти витамины помогут защитить вас от инфекции.

5. The duty of a soldier is to defend his country. = Долг солдата состоит в том. чтобы защищать свою страну.

6. Thr Conservative party traditionally defends ( or protects) the interests of the rich and privileged. = Консервативная партия традиционно защищает интересы богатых и привилегированных.

7. The lioness leapt on the huntsman to protect her cubs. = Львица прыгнула на охотника, чтобы защитить своих львят.

8. When the wolf attacked the boy he defended himself with a big stick. = Когда волк напал на мальчика, он защищался (оборонялся) с помощью большой палки.

9. In cricket the batsman wears thick pads to protect their legs. = В крикете игрок, отбивающий мяч носит толстые прокладки на ногах, чтобы их защитить.

10. John said that he was quite prepared to defend his views in public if necessary. = Джон сказал, что он совершенно готов публично отстаивать свою точку зрения.

11. In this climate we’ll need warm clothes to protect us against the cold. = В этом климате нам будет нужна теплая одежда, чтобы защититься от холода.

12. The accused woman had an experienced lawyer to defend her. = У женщины, которой предъявили обвинение был опытный адвокат для защиты.

13. My grandparents have built a high wall round the garden to protect it from the wind. = Мои дедушка с бабушкой выстроили высокую стену вокруг сада, чтобы защитить его от холода.

14. The little boy was too weak to defend himself against the attacker. = Маленький мальчик был слишком слаб, чтобы защититься от нападавшего.

15. This raincoat will protect you from the rain. = Этот плащ защитит тебя от дождя.

16. John is going to make a long speech to defend his ideas. = Джон собирается произнести длинную речь, чтобы защитить свои идеи.

17. The workers defended (protected) their rights to strike. = Рабочие отстаивали свои права на забастовки.

18. Her husband said that she shouldn’t try to protect her children from the real world. = Ее муж сказал, что ей не следует стараться защищать своих детей от реального мира.

19. You will need sunglasses to protect your eyes against the glare of the sun on the snow. = Вам понадобятся солнечные очки, чтобы защитить глаза от ослепительного блеска солнца на снегу.

20. This thin coat won’t protect you from the cold in winter. = Зимой это тонкое пальто не защитит тебя от холода.

21. This fort can’t be defended against an air attack. = Этот форт невозможно защитить от воздушной атаки.

22. Electric wires are protected by a rubber covering. = Электрические провода защищены резиновым покрытием.

23. The Russian people defended their country from the French army in 1812. = В 1812 году  русский народ защищал свою страну от Французской армии.

24. The Trade union official promised to defend ( protect) the worker’s interests. = Представитель профсоюза пообещал защищать интересы рабочих.

25. He is always quick to defend his brother against criticism. = Он всегда спешит защитить брата от критики.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Начальный уровень. Elementary. Часть пятая.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Чтобы хорошо разобраться в страдательном залоге надо изрядно потренироваться “переделывать” предложения, написанные в действительном ( активном) залоге в страдательный ( пассивный) залог. Некоторые предложения вообще невозможно преобразовать в страдательный залог и это понятно, почему.

Но стоит попробовать сделать обратное преобразование. Итак,преобразуйте следующие предложения в страдательном ( пассивном) залоге в действительный (активный) залог.

1. When I came into the garage the bicycle was being repaired by my father.

2. Last week my brother worked hard at this project and he was very exhausted.

3. The managers of our office are trying to reach the agreement at  the moment. Will the agreement have been reached by tomorrow?

4. She said that her purse had been stolen by someone.

5. We were sitting  and waiting for our friends in the garden. At last their steps was heard.

6. Ann said that the fish had been eaten by her cat.

7. My friend John is well spoken of.

8. I haven’t found my textbook. I think it has been taken by somebody.

9. Who has been invited to the party by Nick?

10. The students were told to wait outside.

11. Where were all the books  left by my friend Ann yesterday?

12. Listen carefully! A new grammar rule is being explained by our teacher at the moment.

13. Has the dog already been taken for a walk?

14. I was promised a new computer by my parents.

15. When can the work be finished by Mary?

16. John and Nick are waiting for a taxi. The tickets have already been booked and the things have been packed.

17. Our marks will be announced at the lesson tomorrow.

18. We asked where our luggage could be put.

19. When we went into the Zoo the animals were being fed.

20. The children aren’t allowed to come home late by their parents.

21. A lot of trees and flowers were planted by the pupils near their school yesterday.

22. When my granny was ill, this medicine was prescribed her .

23. We have known John for many years but his behaviour couldn’t be understood yesterday.

24. I do hope my mistake will be forgiven by my parents.

25. This man hasn’t been found by the police yet.

26. Are they ready with the parcel? — No, it’s still being packed.

27. Ann said that the wrong number had been given to her.

28. I’ll have to stay at home. My car is being repaired now.

29. I think the wrong decision was taken by James.

30. Which rule was being explained when you went into the classroom?

31. Is anybody being consulted by the doctor at the moment?

32. They found out that the documents had been copied.

33. His honesty was acknowledged by all.

34. The article is being typed at the moment

35. He said that the bill had already been paid.

36. A new shop will soon be built near my house.

37. She looked a different girl. Her face was washed, her hair was combed. All traces of tears was removed.

38. I had a most unpleasant feeling that I was being watched.

39. Has Mary washed the floor? – Not yet. It is still being washed.

40. He was disturbed by the noise coming from the room next to his. He was sure some experiments were being made there.

Я преобразую глаголы в страдательном залоге в действительный залог и переведу предложения на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. When I came into garage my father was repairing the bicycle. = Когда я вошел в гараж, мой отец чинил велосипед.

2. Hard work at the project exhausted my brother very much last work. = На прошлой неделе тяжелая работа над проектом очень утомила моего брата.

3. The managers of our office are trying to reach the agreement at the moment. Will they have reached the agreement by tomorrow? = Управляющие нашего офиса сейчас пытаются прийти к соглашению. Достигнут ли они соглашения к завтрашнему дню?

4. She said that someone had stolen her purse. = Она сказала, что кто-то украл ее кошелек.

5. We were sitting  and waiting for our friends in the garden. At last we heard their steps. = Мы сидели и ждали наших друзей в саду. Наконец мы услышали их шаги.

6. Ann said that her cat had eaten the fish. = Анна сказала, что ее кот съел рыбу.

7. People speak well of my friend John. = Люди хорошо отзываются о моем друге Джоне.

8. I haven’t found my textbook. I think somebody has taken it. = Я не нашел свой учебник. Полагаю, что кто-то его взял.

9. Who has Nick invited to the party? = Кого Ник пригласил на вечеринку7

10. Someone told the students to wait outside. = Кто-то велел студентам подождать снаружи.

11. Where did my friend Ann leave all the books yesterday? = Где моя подруга Анна оставила вчера все книги?

12. Listen carefully! Our teacher is explaining a new grammar rule at the moment. = Слушай внимательно ! Наш учитель объясняет новое грамматическое правило.

13. Has anybody taken the dog for a walk? = Кто-нибудь выводил собаку погулять?

14. My parents promised me a new computer. = Мои родители обещали мне новый компьютер.

15. When can Mary finish the work? = Когда Мария сможет закончить работу?

16. John and Nick are waiting for a taxi. They have already booked tickets and packed the things. = Джон и Ник ждут сейчас такси. Они уже заказали билеты и упаковали вещи.

17. The teachers will announce our marks at the lessons tomorrow. = Завтра учителя объявят наши отметки.

18. We asked where we could put our luggage. = Мы спросили, куда мы можем поставить наш багаж.

19. When we went into the Zoo they were feeding the animals. = Когда мы пришли в зоопарк, они кормили животных.

20. The parents don’t allow their children to come home late. = Родители не разрешают своим детям приходить домой поздно.

21. The pupils planted a lot of trees and flowers near their school yesterday. = Вчера ученики посадили много деревьев и цветов около своей школы.

22. When my granny was ill the doctor prescribed her this medicine .  = Когда моя бабушка болела, врач прописал ей это лекарство.

23. We have known John for many years but we  couldn’t understand his behaviour yesterday. = Мы знаем Джона уже много лет, но мы вчера не могли понять его поведение.

24. I do hope my parents will forgive my mistake. = Я очень надеюсь, что родители простят мне мою ошибку.

25. The police haven’t found this man yet. = Полиция еще не нашла этого человека.

26. Are they ready with the parcel? -No, they are still packing it. = Они уже приготовили посылку? — Нет, они ее еще упаковывают.

27. Ann said that somebody had given her the wrong number. = Анна сказала, что кто-то дал ей неправильный номер.

28. I’ll have to stay at home. They are repairing my car now. = Мне придется остаться дома.Они сейчас ремонтируют мою машину.

29. I think James took the wrong decision. = Думаю, что Джеймс принял неправильное решение.

30. Which rule was the teacher explaining when you went into the classroom? = Какое правило объяснял учитель, когда вы вошли в класс?

31. Is the doctor consulting anybody at the moment? = Сейчас доктор кого-то консультирует?

32. They found out that somebody had copied the documents. = Они выяснили , что документы кто-то скопировал.

33. All acknowledged his honesty. = Все признали его честность.

34. The typist is typing the article at the moment. = Машинистка сейчас печатает эту статью.

35. He said that he had already paid the bill. = Он сказал, что он уже оплатил счет.

36. Somebody will soon build a new shop near my house. = Кто-то построит новый магазин около моего дома.

37. She looked a different girl. She washed his face, combed her hair. She removed all traces of tears. = Она выглядела совсем по-другому. Она умылась, причесалась. Она стерла с лица следы слез.

38. I had a most unpleasant feeling that somebody was watching me. = У меня было очень неприятное чувство, что за мной кто-то следит.

39. Has Mary washed the floor? Not yet. She is still washing it. = Мария уже вымыла пол? Нет, она его еще моет.

40. He was disturbed by the noise coming from the room next to his. He was sure somebody was making some experiments there. = Ему мешал шум, который доносился из соседней комнаты. Он был уверен, что кто-то делает там опыты.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Средний уровень. Intermediate. Часть четвертая.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Определить в каком залоге – действительном или страдательном следует переводить предложение и еще при этом не забывать о грамматическом  времени, для некоторых учащихся является не такой уж и простой задачей. Начинать надо с английских предложений.

Раскройте скобки в следующих предложениях и поставьте их в действительный или страдательный залог в нужном времени.

1. The boys should (to punish) for being rude at the lesson yesterday.

2. John (to leave) his native town many years ago and since nobody ( to see) him there.

3. A note (to bring in), addressed to Ann, and (to put on) a table to await her.

4. I just ( to send) him a message. I think he ( to get) it soon.

5. When the door (to close), old Jolion ( to drop) his paper and ( to stare ) long and anxiously in front of him.

6. The answer to this question can ( to found) in the encyclopedia.

7. We ( to show) the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation all the day.

8. It was warm outside and the guests ( to invite) to the garden.

9. They ( to discuss) this matter for the whole hour.

10. There was a terrible accident on a busy downtown street yesterday. Dozens of people (to see) it, including my friend, who (interview) by the police.

11. Budapest ( to divide) into two parts by the Danube river: Buda and Pest.

12. Finally his name (to call) and the boy (to push) forward to the director of the school.

13. An old woman ( to treat) the children some ice-cream.

14. At dinner nothing ( to discuss) but the latest news.

15. A sudden increase in water pressure ( to break) the dam this morning.

16.  “Will you work on this new job all your life?” The question ( to ask) with sincere interest.

17. All the rooms already (to sweep), (to mop) and (to dust).

18. My brother is so good at tennis nobody ( to beat) him yet.

19. A new teacher ( to wait) for when the director came into the teachers’ room

20. People generally assume that money ( to bring) happiness.

21. Mary ( to come) to inform them that dinner already (to serve).

22. He already (to solve) his problems.

23. His phrase (to greet) by a loud  laugh from a student who ( to sit) near the wall.

24. Yesterday the wind ( to blow) my hat off my head. I had to ( to chase) it down the street.

25. Ann ( to shake) by the incredible change of his tone.

26. A huge wave ( to overturn) the little boat.

27. The house ( to look after)  with scrupulous care by others, for Lennie ( to be) incapable to attending to it herself.

28. Nobody ever ( to speak) to me like that before.

29. At the very second  the beautiful music she ( to listen) to ( to listen) by everyone who ( to be) here.

30. For the few first minutes he ( to occupy) with eating; then as his appetite ( to quiet), he ( to take) his time.

31. John ( to know) he ( to hide) by darkness and the massive foliage. She ( to tap) on the door. Jerry ( to open) it.

32. Finally he ( to persuade) by his mother to go away.

33. The children ( to eat) up all the buscuits yesterday.

34. To his knowing eyes the scene below easily ( to explain).

35. From the clink of dishes one could tell that supper ( to prepare).

36. My granny ( to give) me a box of chocolates for my birthday.

37. While the supper (eat) Sebastian (to offer) a suggestion to go there immediately.

38. When the phone ( to ring) , I (to reach) for the phone, and ( to tell) I ( to call) from London.

39. Poverty ( to drive) him to desperation.

40. The fire ( to destroy) many valuable paintings.

Я раскрою скобки  и поставлю глаголы в действительный или страдательный залог, переведу  предложения на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. The boys should be punished for being rude at the lesson yesterday. = Мальчиков следует наказать за из грубое поведение на уроке вчера.

2. John left his native town many years ago and since nobody has seen him there. = Джон уехал из родного города в прошлом году и с тех пор никто его там не видел.

3. A note was brought in, addressed to Ann, and was put on a table to await her. = Принесли записку, адресованную Анне , и оставили на столе дожидаться.

4. I have just sent him a message. I think he will get it soon. = Я только что послал ему сообщение. Думаю, что вскоре он его получит.

5. When the door was closed, old Jolion dropped his paper and was stared long and anxiously in front of him. = Когда двери закрыли, старый Джолион уронил газету и долго с тревогой смотрел перед собой.

6. The answer to this question can be found in the encyclopedia. = Ответ на этот вопрос можно найти в энциклопедии.

7. We were showing the historical monuments of the capital to the delegation all the day. = Мы весь день показывали делегации исторические памятники столицы.

8. It was warm outside and the guests were invited to the garden. = На улице было тепло и гостей пригласили в сад.

9. They have been discussing this matter for the whole hour. = Они целый час обсуждают этот вопрос.

10. There was a terrible accident on a busy downtown street yesterday. Dozens of people saw it, including my friend, who was interviewed by the police. = Вчера на оживленной городской улице была ужасная авария. Десятки людей видели ее , и том числе и мой друг, которого опросила полиция.

11. Budapest is divided into two part by the Danube river: Buda and Pest. = Будапешт разделен рекой Дунай на две части: Буда и Пешт.

12. Finally his name was called and the boy was pushed forward to the director of the school. = Наконец было названо его имя и мальчика подтолкнули вперед к директору школы.

13. An old woman has treated the children some ice-cream. = Старушка угостила детей мороженым.

14. At dinner nothing was discussed but the latest news. = За обедом обсуждали только последние новости.

15. A sudden increase in water pressure broke the dam this morning. = Внезапное увеличение водяного напора сегодня прорвало дамбу.

16. ”Will you work on this new job all your life?” The question was asked with sincere interest. = “Ты хочешь работать на этой новом месте всю свою жизнь?” Этот вопрос был задан с искренним интересом.

17. All the rooms have already been swept, mopped and dusted. = Все комнаты были уже подметены, полы протерты и пыль вытерта.

18. My brother is so good at tennis nobody has beaten him yet. = Мой брат – хороший игрок в теннис и никто еще у него не выиграл.

19. A new teacher was being waited for when the director came into the teachers’ room. = Ожидали нового учителя, когда директор вошел в учительскую.

20. People generally assume that money brings happiness. = Люди, в основном, полагают, что деньги приносят счастье.

21. Mary came to inform them that dinner had already been served. = Мария пришла им сказать, что обед уже подан.

22. He has already solved his problems. = Он уже решил свои проблемы.

23. His phrase was greeted by a loud laugh from a student who sat near the wall. = Его фразы была встречена громким смехом, которое донеслось от студента, который сидел у стены.

24. Yesterday the wind blew my hat off my head. I had to chase it down the street. = Вчера ветер сдул мою шляпу. Мне пришлось гоняться за ней по улице.

25. Ann was shaken by the incredible change of his tone. = Анна была потрясена невероятной переменой в его голосе.

26. A huge wave overturned the little boat. = Громадная волна перевернула маленькую лодку.

27. The house was looked after with scrupulous care by others, for Lennie was incapable to attending to it herself. = За домом тщательно ухаживали , так как Ленни не была способна заниматься им сама.

28. Nobody has ever spoken to me like that before. = Никто никогда со мной раньше так не говорил.

29. At the very second the beautiful music she listened to was being listened by everyone who was here. = В эту самую секунду прекрасная музыка, которую она слушала, была слышна всем, кто там был.

30. For the few first minutes he was occupied with the eating; then as his appetite was quieted , he took his time. = Первые несколько минут он был поглощен едой, потом, когда он утолил голод, он начал действовать не спеша.

31. John knew he was hidden by darkness and  the massive foliage. She tapped on the door. Jerry opened it. = Джон знал, что его надежно прятала темнота и густая листва.

32. Finally he was persuaded by his mother to go away. = В конце концов его уговорила мать уехать.

33. The children ate up all the biscuits yesterday. Вчера дети съели все печенье.

34. To his knowing eyes the scene below was easily explained. = Для ее проницательных глаз, сцена , которая происходила внизу была понятна.

35. From the clink of dishes one could tell that supper was being prepared. = По звяканью тарелок было ясно, что готовился ужин.

36. My granny gave me a box of chocolate for my birthday. = Моя бабушка подарила мне на день рождения коробку шоколада.

37. While the supper was being eaten Sebastian  offered a suggestion to go there immediately. = Пока ели ужин, Себастьян предложил ехать туда немедленно.

38. When the telephone rang, I reached for the phone, and I was told I was being called from London. = Когда зазвонил телефон, я взял трубку, и мне сказали что звонят из Лондона.

39. Poverty drove him to desperation. = Бедность довела его до отчаяния.

40. The fire destroyed many valuable paintings. = Огонь повредил много ценных картин.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice Средний уровень. Intermediate. Часть третья.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Инфинитив глагола в страдательном (пассивном залоге) употребляется в тех же случаях, что и инфинитив действительного (активного) залога. После модальных глаголов и их эквивалентов пассивный инфинитив стоит без частицы “to”.

Преобразуйте следующие предложения в страдательный (пассивный) залог и переведите их на русский язык.

1. Somebody must send for the doctor immediately.

2. You can’t rely on this man.

3. You must write the answers on the one side of the paper only.

4. It’s stuffy here. You should air the room.

5. They had to tell her the truth.

6. You must do all of these exercises tomorrow.

7. You shouldn’t forget these rules.

8. I couldn’t hear a sound.

9. Somebody should put the flowers into the vase.

10. You needn’t put on a coat. It’s warm outside.

11. You must translate the text on page 10.

12. The doctor had to operated on him to find out what was wrong.

13. You must leave hats and coat in the cloak room.

14. They mustn’t use this machine. It’s broken.

15. You can find the book you need in the library.

16. You should tell me the truth about this situation.

17. They needn’t do these exercises right now.

18. We can easily mend this chair.

19. People should make lessons more interesting for pupils.

20. No one could answer your question yesterday..

21. Somebody had to finish the work.

22. We must sent these letters at once.

23. You mustn’t take away these books.

24. Someone  must take the luggage to the station.

25. You can cross the river on the raft.

26. You may used the dictionary.

27. We  couldn’t arrange everything in time yesterday.

28. The builders can finish the building of the house very soon.

29. You must return the books the day after tomorrow.

30. I can easily forgive this mistake.

31. You can find such berries everywhere.

32. You must do this work very carefully.

33. The doctor said that they must take her to hospital.

34. You can do the work in three days.

35. The students should return all the library books before each vacation.

36. You can buy this book at any book shop.

37. They shouldn’t upset an old woman.

38. Monkey can climb even the tallest trees.

39. We had to look into the matter.

40. The police ought to put you in prison.

Я преобразую предложения в страдательный (пассивный) залог и переведу их на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. The doctor must be immediately sent for. = Надо послать немедленно за доктором.

2. This man can’t be relied on. =  На этого человека невозможно положиться.

3. The answers must be written on the one side of the paper only. = Ответы должны быть написаны только на одной стороне бумаги.

4. It’s stuffy here. The room should be aired. = Здесь душно. Надо проветрить комнату.

5. She had to be told the truth. = Ей пришлось сказать правду.

6. All these exercises must be done tomorrow. = Все эти упражнения завтра необходимо выполнить.

7. These rules shouldn’t be forgotten. = Не следует забывать эти правила.

8. No sound could be heard. = Не было слышно ни звука.

9. The flowers should be put into the vase. = Цветы следовало бы поставить в вазу.

10. The coat needn’t be put on. It’s warm outside. = Нет необходимости надевать пальто. На улице тепло.

11. The text on page 10 must be translated. = Необходимо перевести текст на десятой странице.

12. He had to be operated to find out what was wrong. = Его пришлось прооперировать, что бы выяснить, что с ним не в порядке.

13. Hats and coats must be left in the cloak room. = Шляпы и пальто надо оставлять в гардеробной.

14. This machine mustn’t be used. It’s broken. = Этой машиной нельзя пользоваться. Она сломана.

15. The book you need can be found in the library. = Книгу, которая тебе нужна, можно найти в библиотеке.

16. I should be told the truth about  the situation. = Мне следует рассказать правду об этой ситуации.

17. These exercises needn’t be done right now. Нет необходимости выполнять эти упражнения прямо сейчас.

18. This chair can be easily be mended. = Этот стул можно легко починить.

19. Lessons for pupils must be made more interesting. = Уроки для учеников надо сделать более интересными.

20. Your question couldn’n be answered yesterday. = На ваш вопрос вчера не смогли ответить.

21. The work must be finished. = Работу надо закончить.

22. These letters must be sent at once. = Письма  надо сейчас же отправить.

23. These books mustn’t be taken away. = Эти книги нельзя уносить.

24. The luggage must be taken to the station. = Необходимо отвести багаж на станцию.

25. The river can be crossed on the raft. = Речку можно переплыть на плоту.

26. The dictionary may be used . = Можно пользоваться словарем.

27. Everything couldn’t be arranged in time yesterday. = Не всё сумели организовать вовремя вчера.

28. The building of the house can be very soon finished. = Строительство дома может быть очень скоро завершено.

29. The book must be returned the day after tomorrow.  = Послезавтра надо вернуть эту книгу.

30. This mistake can easily be forgiven. = Эту ошибку можно легко простить.

31 Such berries can be find everywhere. = Такие ягоды можно найти везде.

32. This work must be very carefully done. = Эта работа должна быть тщательно выполнена.

33. The doctor said that she must be taken to hospital. = Доктор сказал, что ее необходимо положить в больницу.

34. The work can be done in three days. = Эта работа может быть сделана за три дня.

35. All the library books should be returned to the library by the students before each vacation. = Все библиотечные книги должны быть возвращены студентами в библиотеку перед каждыми каникулами.

36. This book can be bought at any book shop. = Эту книгу можно купить в любом книжном магазине.

37. The old woman shouldn’t be upset. = Старушку не следует огорчать.

38. Even the tallest trees can be climbed by the monkeys. = Даже на самые высокие деревья могут карабкаться обезьяны.

39. The matter had to be looked into. = Этот вопрос пришлось внимательно изучить.

40. You ought to be put in prison by the police. Тебя следует отправить в тюрьму.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Начальный уровень. Elementary. Часть четвертая.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в нужном времени страдательного(пассивного) залога.

1. Many folk songs ( to use) by Chaikovsky in his compositions.

2. I do hope that I ( not to refuse) a visa by the Embassy.

3. My patience already ( to exhaust) by my son’s behaviour.

4. Why these cups ( to put) here in this cupboard?

5. Today my brother ( to fine) for crossing the street in the wrong place.

6. You ( to examine) this morning?

7. This mountain never ( to climb) before.

8. The invitations already ( to sent) to all the guests?

9. The printing press ( to invent) in the fifteenth century.

10. Which article ( to translate ) by this student now?

11. The children ( to taught) drawing at the moment.

12. Gold (to mine) in mines.

13. This name often (to mention) at the meeting yesterday.

14. It is dark in the room , but the light (not to turn on) yet.

15. Last night we ( to invite) to the restaurant by our friends from France.

16. Italy and France (to visit) by millions of  tourists every year.

17. This dress already ( to wash)?

18. The bear ( to attack) by the bees when it tried to take their honey.

19. In which year Russia ( to invade) by Napoleon?

20. In 1666, a large part of London ( to destroy) by fire.

21. Listen carefully, a new grammar rule ( to explain).

22. Who ( to examined) by the doctor now?

23. The menu in our bar (to change) every week.

24. Nowadays oil (to transport) in large ships.

25. These rasberries are fresh; they ( to pick up) today.

26. The documents for my business trip still ( to prepare) now?

27. Nothing ( to hear) of him since he left the country six years ago.

28. Today rugby football ( to play) in many countries.

29. Last Friday one of our teams ( to send off) the field for rough play.

30. Many people ( to kill) in road accidents every year.

31. This type of TV sets ( to produce) in japan.

32. The United Nations Organization ( to found) in 1945.

33. Far more money ( to spend) on food now than ten years ago.

34. The little girl ( to save) from being run over because she ( pull) away in time by a policeman.

35. The fire of London, as it ( to call) in the history books, ( to commemorate) by a monument, which ( to build) near where the fire started.

36. Three hundred new houses ( to build) by the end of the next year.

37. Very much research ( to do) now to prevent our rivers and lakes from being polluted.

38. He has already read the book that ( to give) him on his retirement.

39. When I returned I found that my car ( tow) away . I ( to tell) it was because it ( to park) under a No-Parking sign.

40. Why the cups ( to left) on the table?

Я раскрою скобки, поставлю глаголы  в нужное время в страдательном( пассивном) залоге и переведу предложения на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. Many folk songs were used by Chaikovsky in his compositions. = Много народных песен было использовано Чайковским в его произведениях.

2. I do hope I won’t be refused a visa by the Embassy. = Я очень надеюсь , что мне не будет отказано посольством в визе.

3. My patience has already been exhausted by my son’s behaviour. = Мое терпение уже исчерпано поведением моего сына.

4. Why have these cups been put here in the cupboard? = Почему эти чашки поставили сюда в шкаф?

5. Today my brother has been fined for crossing the street in the wrong place. = Сегодня мой брат был оштрафован за переход улицы в неположенном месте.

6. Have you been examined this morning? = Вас уже проэкзаменовали сегодня утром?

7. This mountain has never been climbed before. = На эту гору прежде не забирались.

8. Have the invitations been sent to all the guests? = Разосланы ли приглашения всем гостям?

9. The printing press was invented in the fifteenth century. = Печатный станок был изобретен в пятнадцатом столетии.

10. Which article is being translated by this student now? = Которая статья сейчас переводится этим студентом?

11. The children are being taught drawing at the moment. = Детей сейчас учат рисовать.

12. Gold is mined in mines. = Золото добывают на приисках.

13. This name was often mentioned at the meeting yesterday. = Вчера на собрании часто упоминали это имя.

14. It is dark in the room, but the light hasn’t been turned on yet. = В комнате темно, но свет еще не включили.

15. Last night we were invited to the restaurant by our friends from France. = Вчера вечером мы были приглашены нашими друзьями из Франции в ресторан.

16. Italy and France are visited by millions of tourists every year. = Каждый год Италия и Франция посещается миллионами туристов.

17. Has this dress already been washed? = Это платье уже выстирано?

18. The bear was attacked by the bees when it tried to take their honey. = Медведя атаковали пчелы, когда он попытался забрать у них мед.

19. In which year was Russia invaded by Napoleon? = В каком году Россия была захвачена Наполеоном?

20. In 1666 , a large part of London was destroyed by fire. = В 1666 году большая часть Лондона была разрушена пожаром.

21. Listen carefully, a new grammar rule is being explained. = Внимательно слушай, объясняют новое грамматическое правило.

22. Who is being examined by the doctor now? = Кого сейчас осматривает  доктор?

23. The menu in our bar is changed every week. = Меню нашего бара меняется каждую неделю.

24. Nowadays oil is transported in large ships. = В наши дни нефть перевозится большими кораблями.

25. These raspberries are very fresh; they have been picked up today. = Эта малина очень свежая; ее собрали только сегодня.

27. Nothing has been heard of him since he left the cointry six years ago. = О нем ничего не было слышно с тех пор, как он уехал из страны шесть лет назад.

28. Today rugby football is played in many countries. = Сегодня в регби играют во многих странах.

29. Last Friday one of our teams was send off the field for rough play. =  Прошлую пятницу одна из наших команд была удалена с поля за грубую игру.

30. Many people are killed in road accidents every year. = Каждый год в дорожных авариях гибнут множество людей.

31. This type of TV sets is produced in Japan. = Эта марка телевизоров выпускается в Японии.

32. The United Nations Organization was founded in 1945. = Организация Объединенных Наций была основана в 1945 году.

33. Far more money is spent on food now than ten years ago. = На еду сейчас тратят намного больше денег, чем десять лет назад.

34. The little girl was saved from being run over because she was pulled away in time by a policeman. = Маленькая девочка была спасена от столкновения с транспортом потому, что ее вовремя оттащил полицейский.

35. The fire of London , as it is called in the history books , was commemorated by a monument , which was build near where the fire started. = Пожар в Лондоне, как его называют в книгах по истории, был увековечен в памятнике, который был построен около места возникновения пожара.

36. Three hundred new houses will be built by the end of the next year. = Три сотни новых домов будет выстроено к концу будущего года.

37. Very much research is being done now to prevent our river and lakes from being polluted. = Сейчас проводится много исследований для того, чтобы предотвратить загрязнение рек и озер.

38. He has already read the book  that was given him on his retirement. = Он уже прочитал книгу, которую ему подарили по случаю его ухода на пенсию.

39. When I returned I found that my car had been towed away. I was told it was because it had been parked under a No –Parking sign. = Когда я вернулся, я обнаружил, что моя машина была отбуксирована. Мне сказали, она была припаркована в неположенном месте.

40. Why have the cups been left on the table? = Почему чашки оставлены на столе?

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Начальный уровень. Elementary. Часть третья.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Начальный уровень тренировки предполагает умение ставить глаголы в пассивный залог в соответствующем времени. Это умение надо довести до автоматизма, поэтому тренировочных предложений должно быть не просто много , а очень много.

Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в страдательный залог. О глагольном времени пока не надо беспокоиться -оно обозначено рядом. Переведите пассивные конструкции на русский язык.

1. The piano ( to play) far too loudly. Past Contonuous

2. When the matter ( to discuss)? Future Indefinite

3. Now the patient’s temperature ( to take) every two hours. Present Indefinite

4. Where  the newspapers and journals (to sell)? Present Indefinite

5. They ( not to pay) for their work. Past Indefinite

6. When the manager came the letter still ( to type). Past Continuous.

7. You ( to meet) at the station tomorrow? Future Indefinite

8. The work ( not to finish) yet. Present Perfect

9. They ( to return) all the books yesterday? Past Indefinite

10. The article beautifully (to write). Present Perfect

11. The results of examination ( not to know) for two months. Present Perfect

12. His pictures ( to show) in the museum now. Present Continuous

13. He ever ( tell) about it? Present Perfect

14. He saw that table (to push) into the corner. Past Perfect

15. The stolen car never (to find). Present Perfect

16. The book ( to publish) next month? Future Indefinite

17. I am sure your voice ( to hear) in the next room. Past Indefinite

18. He (not to recognize) lately. Present Perfect

19. The children ( to allow) to go to the river? Past indefinite

20. The carpet ( not to clean) yet. Present Perfect

21. Your question ( to answer)?  Present Perfect

22. After she ( to examine) by a doctor , she went home. Past Perfect

23. The door already ( to shut). Present Perfect

24. What ( to do) about this? Present Perfect

25. My sister ( to teach) to play the piano at a music school. Past Indefinite

26. His new book ( to publish) next year. Future Indefinite

27. The children ( not to allow) to swim in the river today. Present Perfect

28. Our city often (to visit) by foreign guests. Present Indefinite

29. Progress ( to make) every day in the world of science. Present Indefinite

30. The chickens (not to feed) this morning. Past Indefinite

31. The light in the hall already ( to turn off). Present Perfect

32. You ( to invite) to the party, too? Present Perfect

33. She said that the new timetable ( to hang up) on the notice board. Past Perfect

34. This boy often ( to punish) for misbehaving. Present Indefinite

35. When the Tower of London once ( to use) as a prison? Past Indefinite

36. By four o’ clock everything already ( to prepare). Past Perfect

37. Some water ( to spill) on the carpet. Present Perfect

38. Hats and coats usually ( to leave) in the cloak room. Present Indefinite

39. The floor in the classroom ( to sweep) now. Present Continuous

40. Why the dog ( to leave) in the garden? Past Indefinite

Я раскрою скобки, поставлю глаголы в страдательный залог и переведу предложения на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. The piano was being played far too loudly. = На пианино играли слишком громко.

2. When will the matter be discussed? = Когда будут обсуждать этот вопрос?

3. Now the patient’s temperature is taken every two hours. = Теперь каждые два часа у пациента измеряют температуру.

4. Where are the newspapers and journals sold? = Где продают газеты и журналы?

5. They weren’t paid for their work. = Им не заплатили за работу.

6. When the manager came the letter was still being typed. = Когда пришел директор, письмо все еще печатолось.

7. Will you be met at the station tomorrow? = Вас завтра встретят на станции?

8. The work hasn’t been finished yet. = Эта работа еще не закончена.

9. Were they returned all the book yesterday? = Им вчера вернули все книги?

10. The article has beautifully been written. = Статья была прекрасно написана.

11. The results of examination haven’t been known for two months. = О результатах экзаменов не было известно два месяца.

12. His pictures are being shown in the museum now. = Его картины сейчас показывают в музее.

13. Has he ever been told about it?  = Ему когда-нибудь рассказывали об этом.

14. He saw that the table had been pushed into the corner. = Он увидел, что стол был задвинут в угол.

15. The stolen car has never been found. = Украденную машину так никогда и не нашли.

16. Will the book be published next month? = Эта книга будет опубликована в следующем месяце?

17. I am sure your voice was heard in the next room. = Я уверен, что твой голос был слышен в соседней комнате.

18. He hasn’t been recognized lately. = За последнее время его не узнавали.

19. Were the children be allowed to go to the river?  = Детям разрешили идти на речку?

20. The carpet hasn’t been cleaned yet. = Ковер еще не чистили.

21. Has your question been answered? = Ответили ли на ваш вопрос?

22. After she had been examined by a doctor, she went home. = После того, как ее осмотрел доктор, она пошла домой.

23. The door has already been shut. = Дверь уже закрыли.

24. What has been done about this? = Что было по этому поводу сделано?

25. My sister was taught to play the piano at a music school. = Мою сестру научили играть на пианино в музыкальной школе.

26. His new book will be published next year. = В будущем году его книга будет опубликована.

27. The children weren’t allowed to swim in the river today. = Сегодня детям не разрешили плавать в речке.

28. Our city is often visited by foreign guests. = Наш город часто посещается иностранными гостями.

29. Progress is made every day in the world of science. = Мир науки развивается с каждым днем.

30. The chickens weren’t fed this morning. = Цыплят утром не покормили.

31.The light in the hall has already been turned off. = Свет в коридоре уже выключили.

32. Have you been invited to the party, too? = Вас тоже пригласили на вечеринку?

33. She said that the new timetable had been hung up on the notice board. = Она сказала, что на доске объявлений повесили новое расписание.

34. This boy is often punished for misbehaving. = Этого мальчика часто наказывают за плохое поведение.

35. When was the Tower of London once used as a prison? = Когда Лондонский Тауэр использовали в качестве тюрьмы?

36. By four o’clock everything had already been prepared. = К четырем часам все уже было готово.

37. Some water has been spilt on the carpet. = На ковер пролили немного воды.

38. Hats and coats are usually left in the cloak room. = Шляпы и пальто обычно оставляют в гардеробной комнате.

39. The floor in the classroom is being swept now. = Сейчас подметают пол в классной комнате.

40. Why was the dog left in the garden? = Почему собаку оставили в саду?

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Средний уровень. Intermediate. Часть вторая.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

В английском языке есть глаголы с двойным управлением, то есть, такие глаголы, которые могут иметь два дополнения в действительном (активном ) залоге: прямое и косвенное дополнения. Прямое дополнение отвечает на вопрос КОГО-ЧТО?  а косвенное дополнение отвечает отвечает на вопрос КОМУ?   А это значит, что и пассивных конструкций может быть тоже две. Чаще всего употребляется пассивная конструкция с косвенным дополнением в роли подлежащего.

Преобразуйте следующие предложения в страдательный ( пассивный) залог. Подлежащим в пассивной конструкции является косвенное дополнение.

1. They showed her the shortest way to the station.

2. Someone gave my little brother a ticket, too.

3. They have allowed each boy a second plate of ice-cream.

4. My mother is teaching  me English.

5. They sent him a lot of information .

6. Someone has lent them ten thousand dollars recently.

7. They promised her some interesting work.

8. They pay the workers twice a month.

9. People will show the visitors an ancient castle.

10. Someone granted them a loan last year.

11. Someone taught him English and gave him  a dictionary.

12. We asked the lecturer a few questions about Shakespeare.

13 Tom has just told me an interesting story.

14. My friend lent me this book last Sunday.

15. When we first met, they had already offered me a job at the bank.

16. The postman delivers us newspapers and journals every day about eight o’clock in the morning.

17. Someone will read you another chapter next time.

18. They told us to come here by five o’clock.

19. They have brought the children a basket of fruit.

20. We sent her brother a letter last week.

21. They told the new students where to sit.

22. Someone gave her a box of chocolates for her birthday.

23. Somebody promised me a bicycle.

24. They told me the truth about the situation.

25. They will pay him for his work tomorrow.

26. We told the newcomers  to stand.

27. They still deny women the right to vote in some countries.

28. Someone asked the student a very difficult question.

29. They told the visitors to wait outside.

30. They asked the rest of us to be there at eight o’ clock.

31. Someone bought Ann a new dress.

32. Someone has returned him the book he borrowed last week.

33. They sent his mother telegram an hour ago.

34. Someone offered her to take part in the competition.

35. They promised my little son a new ball.

36. We will send you your examination results in a week.

37. They  have asked  a little girl her name.

38. We  allowed the children to go to the cinema.

39. They are showing us some pictures from the collection of the museum.

40. We have given our friend a lot of interesting books for his birthday.

Я поставлю предложения в пассивный залог и переведу их на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. She was shown the shortest way to the station. = Ей показали самый короткий путь на станцию.

2. My little brother was given a ticket, too. = Моему маленькому брату тоже дали билет.

3. Each boy has been allowed a second plate of ice-cream. = Каждому мальчику разрешили взять еще по одной порции мороженого.

4. I am being taught English by my mother. = Меня учит английскому моя мама.

5. He was sent a lot of information. = Ему было послано много информации.

6. They have been lent ten thousand dollars recently. = Недавно им заняли десять тысяч долларов.

7. She was promised some interesing work. = Ей пообещали интересную работу.

8. The workers are paid twice a month. = Рабочим платят дважды в месяц.

9. The visitirs will be shown an ancient castle. = Посетителям покажут древнюю крепость.

10. They were granted a loan last year. = В прошлом году им был предоставлен заем.

11. He was taught English and given a dictionary. = Его учили английскому языку и подарили словарь.

12. The lecturer was asked a few questions about Shakespeare. = Лектору было задано несколько вопросов о Шекспире.

13. I have been told an interestinf story by Tom. = Мне была рассказана Томом интересная история.

14. I was lent this book by my friend last Sunday. = Мне одолжил эту книгу прошлое воскресенье мой друг.

15. When we first met, I had been offered  a job at the bank. = Когда мы впервые встретились, мне уже предложили работу в банке.

16. We are delivered newspapers and journals every day about eight o’clock. = Каждый день около восьми часов нам доставляют газеты и журналы.

17. You will be told another chapter next time. = Вам расскажут еще одну главу с следующий раз.

18. We were told to come here by five o’clock. = Нам велели прийти сюда к пяти часам.

19. The children have been brought a basket of fruit. = Детям принесли корзину с фруктами.

20. Her brother were sent a letter last week. = Ее брату прислали письмо на прошлой неделе.

21. New students were told where to sit. = Новым студентам рассказали, где сидеть.

22. She was given a box of chocolate for her birthday. = Ей подарили коробку шоколада на ее день рождения.

23. I was promised a bicycle. = Мне обещали велосипед.

24. I was told the truth about the situation. = Мне рассказали правду об этой ситуации.

25. He will be paid for his work tomorrow. = Ему заплатят за эту работу завтра.

26. The newcomers were told  to stand. = Новичкам велели встать.

27. Women are still denied the right to vote in some countries. = В некоторых странах женщинам еще отказывают в праве голосовать.

28. The student was asked a very difficult question. = Студенту задали очень трудный вопрос.

29. The visitors are told to wait outside. = Посетителям велели подождать снаружи.

30. The rest of us are asked to be there at eight o’clock. = Остальных из нас попросили быть там в восемь часов.

31. Ann was bought a new dress. = Анне купили новое платье.

32. He has been returned the book someone borrowed last week. = Ему вернули книгу , которую у него взяли неделю назад.

33. His mother was sent a telegram an hour ago. = Час назад его маме послали телеграмму.

34. She was offered to take part in the competition. = Ей предложили принять участие в соревнованиях.

35. My little son was promised a new ball. = Моему маленькому сыну пообещали новый мячик.

36. You will be sent your examination results in a week. = Вам пришлют результаты экзаменов через неделю.

37. The little girl was asked her name. = У маленькой девочки спросили, как ее зовут.

38. The children were allowed to go the cinema. = Детям разрешили пойти в кино.

39. We are being shown some pictures from the collection of the museum. = Нам сейчас показывают картины из коллекции этого музея.

40. Our friend was given a lot of interesting books for his birthday. = Нашему другу подарили много интересных книг на его день рождения.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Средний уровень. Intermediate. Часть первая.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Упражнения среднего уровня предполагают,  что учащийся уже не просто знаком с пассивными конструкциями и может узнавать их в английском тексте, но и может  составлять пассивные конструкции в нужном времени. Предложения, написанные в страдательном (пассивном) залоге можно преобразовать в действительный (активный залог). И наоборот, предложения, написанные в действительном (активном ) залоге преобразуются в страдательный (пассивный) залог.

Преобразуйте следующие предложения, написанные в действительном (активном) залоге в страдательный (пассивный) залог. Переведите предложения с пассивными конструкциями.

1. We hear a sound of violin in the hall.

2. She found the letter at last among the books in the library.

3. They will meet us at the station tomorrow.

4. The secretary has typed these documets lately.

5. My mother is preparing the meal now.

6. The teacher always praises the pupuls when they work hard.

7. My granny bought this book last week.

8. They will discuss the matter tomorrow morning.

9. The child has dropped his toy.

10. Tom and Harry were carrying our suitcases.

11. Someone has already paid the electrician for his work.

12. They promise these workers higher wages.

13. Somebody will tell you what time the train leaves.

14. Somebody ordered the prisoners to stand up.

15. Our friends are making preparations to meet a delegation.

16. Somebody recommended me to another doctor.

17. She has dusted the room carefully.

18. By the time the director came she had typed the letter.

19. The doctor is examining a patient at the moment.

20. They will serve dinner at 3 o’clock.

21. He have invited his friends to dinner.

22. We looked through all the advertisements very attentively.

23. My little son has just broken the window.

24. The gardener gathered all the dry leaves yesterday.

25. They requested the stranger to leave the meeting.

26. They have made my uncle a captain.

27. Someone is showing Ann how to bath a baby now.

28. The authority refused him a passport.

29. The child has just spilt the milk.

30. A great artist painted this picture.

31. We will forgive his mistake.

32. My grandfather is mending a bicycle now.

33. The police have found a slolen car in the forest.

34. They built the bridge last year.

35. Someone has been booked the tickets yet.

36. We wash the dishes every day.

37. The enemies attacked the city.

38. The pupils are planting some trees in the garden.

39. The guide organized an excursion well.

40.  They punished this man for something he hadn’t done.

Я поставлю предложения в пассивный залог и переведу их на русский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. The sound of violin is heard in the hall. = В зале слышно звуки скрипки.

2. The letter was found at last among the the books in the library. = Письмо, наконец, нашлось среди книг в библиотеке.

3. We will be met at the station tomorrow. = Нас встретят завтра на станции.

4. These documents have been typed by the secretary lately. = Эти документы были недавно напечатаны секретаршей.

5. The meal is being prepared by my mother. = Еда уже готовится.

6. The pupils are always praised by their teacher when they work hard. = Учеников всегда хвалят, когда они усердно работают.

7. This book was bought by my granny last week. = Эта книга была куплена на прошлой неделе моей бабушкой.

8. The matter will be discussed tomorrow morning. =Этот вопрос обсудят завтра утром.

9. The toy has been dropped by the child. = Игрушку уронил ребенок.

10. Our suitcases were being carried by Tom and Harry. = Наши чемоданы несли Том и Гарри.

11. The elecrician has already been paid for his work. = Электрику уже заплатили за его работу.

12. These workers are promised higher wages. = Этим рабочим обещают более высокую зарплату.

13. You will be told what time the train leaves. = Те скажут в котором часу отправляется поезд.

14. The prisoners were ordered to stand up. = Заключенным приказали встать.

15. Preparations are being made by our friends to meet a delegation. = Сейчас проводятся приготовления к встрече делегации.

16. I was recommeded to another doctor. = Мне порекомендовали другого врача.

17. The room was dusted carefully. = Комната была тщательно прибрана.

18. By the time the director came the letter had been typed. = К тому времени, как пришел директор, письмо уже было отпечатано.

19. The patient is being examined by the doctor at the moment. = Сейчас пациент осматривается врачом.

20. The dinner will be served at 3 o’clock.  = Обед будет накрыт в 3 часа.

21. His friends have been invited to dinner. = Его друзей пригласили на обед.

22. All the advertisements were looked through by us very attentively. = Все объявления были нами внимательно просмотрены.

23. The window has just been broken by my little son. = Это окно было только что разбито моим маленьким сыном.

24. All the dry leaves were gathered by the gardener yesterday. = Все сухие листья были собраны вчера садовником.

25. The stranger were requested to leave the meeting. = Незнакомца попросили покинуть собрание.

26. My uncle has been made a captain. = Моего дядю назначили капитаном.

27. Ann is being shown how to bath a baby now. = Анне сейчас показывают, как мыть новорожденного.

28. He was refused a passport by the authority. = Ему было отказано в паспорте властями.

29. The milk has just been spilt by the child. = Молоко только что пролито ребенком.

30. This picture was painted a great artist. = Эта картина была написана великим художником.

31. His mistake will be forgiven. = Его ошибка будет прощена.

32. The bicycle is being mended by my grandfather now. = Велосипед сейчас ремонтируется моим дедушкой.

33. The stolen car has been found  by the police in the forest.  = Украденная машина была обнаружена полицией в лесу.

34. The bridge was built last year. = Мост был построен в прошлом году.

35. The tickets have been booked yet. = Билеты уже заказаны.

36. The dishes are washed every day. = Посуду моют каждый день.

37. The city was attacked by the enemies. = Город был атакован врагами.

38. Some trees are being planted by the pupuls in the garden. = В саду сейчас сажают несколько деревьев.

39. The excursion is organized by the guide well. = Экскурсия была хорошо организована гидом.

40. This man was punished for something he hadn’t done. = Этот человек был наказан за то, что он не совершал.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Начальный уровень. Elementary. Часть первая.

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Любое грамматическое правило остается лишь словами на бумаге, пока его не применяют на практике. А практика обычно показывает, что без затруднений и сопутствующих им ошибок никак не обойтись, особенно, если дело касается самого главного – переводу с родного языка на английский устному или письменному.  Ведь наша цель – это говорить и писать на английском языке и понимать письменную и устную английскую речь. Любое правило является общим и просто  не может охватывать все нюансы и только на практике, ошибаясь и исправляя ошибки можно прийти к полному пониманию и овладению изучаемым разделом грамматики.

Начинать надо с простейших предложений на английском языке. Надо “привыкнуть” к новой грамматике, к новому звучанию, сочетанию слов. Для начала надо вплотную заняться английскими текстами, напичканными пассивными конструкциями. Глаз должен безошибочно определять пассивные конструкции а ухо различать их на слух. Поэтому, самым первым заданием всегда было, есть и будет  — умение ставить предложения в отрицательные и вопросительные формы или из вопросительных форм переходить в утвердительные. Одним словом, Играем в “+” , “-” и “?”.

Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную и утвердительные формы. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. His new book has been translated into a number of foreign languages.

2. The pupils were asked at the lesson yesterday.

3. Mushrooms are gathered in autumn.

4. These questions were answered yesterday.

5. The patient are being examined by two doctors.

6. A new school will be built in our village next year.

7. My brother are often invited to parties.

8. This man has been arrested by the police.

9. The classroom is being cleaned at the moment.

10. We were told the news yesterday.

11. The little children will be read a new tale next time.

12. We are promised higher wages.

13. She is being shown new books.

14. The workman has been paid for his work.

15. The student was asked a very difficult question.

16. The date of the conference has been changed.

17. The broken chair is being mended at the moment.

18. Your child will be looked after.

19. English is spoken here.

20. All flights have been cancelled because of fog.

21. The pupils aren’t allowed to chat in class.

22. The meeting will be held tomorrow morning.

23. Many houses were burnt during the Great Fire in London.

24. A new railway is being constructed across the desert.

25. The visitors will be shown an ancient castle.

26. Hockey is played in winter.

27. The other day I was entrusted with a new task.

28. Flowers are sold in shops and in the streets.

29. The bench has just been painted.

30. This work will be finished in two days.

31. The matter is still being considered.

32. Yesterday we were told some interesting news.

33. Football is played all over the world.

34. She will be woken up early tomorrow.

35. Bread is eaten every day.

36. He was forgiven his disloyalty.

37. Many houses are built in our town every year.

38. The students are being examined in the next classroom.

39. The deltgation was met at the station.

40. This article has been translated into English yet.

41. These trees were planted in the garden last autumn.

42. Service is included in the bill.

43. This man was given a life sentence.

44. The mail is still being looked through.

45. You are wanted on the telephone.

46. They have been shown the way to the station.

47. The girls are taught music and singing in this school.

48. That day the children were punished.

49. A sound of piano was heard in the adjoining room.

50. He was forbidden to stay here for a long.

Тренировочные упражнения. Passive Voice. Начальный уровень. Elementary. Часть вторая

Заглавная —> Страдательный залог

Упражнения начального уровня — это знакомство с грамматической темой, которую надо отработать. Если мы хотим хорошо ориентироваться в страдательном залоге, то начинаем с самого простого – с построения пассивных конструкций.

Итак, раскройте скобки и образуете пассивную конструкцию во времени, которое указано рядом. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The dog (to give) some food in ten munutes. Future Indefinite

2. This picture always (to admire). Present Indefinite

3. The letters ( to type) now. Present Continuous

4. The children (to allow) to go for a walk . Present Perfect

5. His leg ( to hurt) in an accident. Past Indefinite

6. The museum ( to open) in September. Future Indefinite

7. These men ( to arrest) yesterday. Past Indefinite

8. This exercise ( to do) very carefully. Present Continuous

9. He ( to appoint) a new manager of the firm. Present Perfect

10. Furniture (to made) from wood and plastic.  Present Indefinite

11. The news ( to announce) tomorrow morning. Future Indefinite

12. The box ( not to open) for the last hundred years. Present Perfect

13. The article still ( to translate). Present Continuous

14. A new metro line (to construct) in our town next year. Future Indefinite

15. The excursion (to organize) well. Present Perfect

16. His granny ( to take) to hospital last Saturday. Past Indefinite

17. The Tower of London formerly (to use) as a prison. Past Indefinite

18. A new rule (to explain) now. Present Continuous

19. Her book ( to publish) next month. Future Indefinite

20. Two of my dinner plates ( to break). Present Perfect

21. These newspapes and journals ( to sell) everywhere. Present Indefinite.

22. The short story ( to read) aloud now. Present Continuous

23. A big battle (to fight) here 200 years ago. Past Indefinite

24. She ( to meet) at the station tomorrow morning? Future Indefinite

25. You ( to invite) to lunch tomorrow. Present Perfect

26. This play ( to forget) in a few years’ time. Future Indefinite

27. The patient ( to operate on) at this moment. Present Continuous

28. The bridge ( to built) last year. Past Indefinite

29. My brother never ( to beat) at tennis. Present Perfect

30. English ( to speak) all over the world. Present Indefinite

31. Trees and flowers ( to plant) in the park now. Present Continuous

32. Any questions ( to ask) about me? Past Indefinite

33. Your report ( to discuss) in two hours. Future Indefinite.

34. The children ( to punish) for something they didn’t do. Past Indefinite

35. Milk (to use) for making butter and cheese. Present Indefinite

36. The floor (to wash) in the ckassroom now. Present Continuous

37. His lectures ( to listen to) with great interest. Future Indefinite

38. You (to want) to help lay the table. Present Indefinite

39. A pupil always ( to praise) when he works hard. Present Indefinite

40. The stolen car ( to find) in another town. Present Perfect

Я раскрою скобки, образую формы страдательного залога в соответствующем времени и переведу предложения на русский язык.

1. The dog will be given some food in ten minutes. = Через десять минут собаке дадут поесть.

2. This pictures is always admired. = Этой картиной всегда восхищаются.

3. The letters are being typed now. = Письма сейчас печатают.

4. The children have been allowed to go for a walk. = Детям разрешили пойти погулять.

5. His leg was hurt in an accident. = Его нога была повреждена

6. The museum will be opened in September. = Музей откроется в сентябре.

7. These men were arrested yesterday. = Вчера эти люди были арестованы.

8. This exercise is very carefully being done. = Это упражнение сейчас выполняют очень внимательно.

9. He has been appointed a new manager of the firm. = Его назначили новым управляющим этой фирмы.

10. Furniture is made from wood and plastic. = Мебель делают из дерева и пластика.

11. The news will be announced tomorrow morning. =  Эти новости  сообщат завтра утром.

12. The box hasn’t been opened for the last hundred years. = За последние сотню лет эту коробку не открывали.

13. The article is still being translated. = Статью все еще переводят.

14. A new metro line will be constructed in our town next year. = В будущем году в нашем городе будет построена новая линия метро.

15. The excursion has well been organized. = Экскурсия была хорошо организована.

16. His granny was taken to hospital last Saturday. = В прошлое воскресенье его бабушку положили в больницу.

17. The Tower of London was formerly used as a prison. = Лондонский Тауэр раньше использовали, как тюрьму.

18. A new rule is being explained now. = Сейчас объясняют новое правило.

19. Her book will be published next month. = В будущем месяце ее книга будет опубликована.

20. Two of my dinner plates have been broken. = Разбились две моих обеденных тарелки.

21. These newspapers and journals are sold everywhere. = Эти газеты и журналы продаются везде.

22. The short story is being read aloud now. = Сейчас читают вслух этот рассказ.

23. A big battle was fought here 200 years ago.

24. Will she be met at the station tomorrow morning? =  Ее встретят завтра утром на станции?

25. You have been invited to lunch tomorrow. = Вы приглашены на обед, который состоится завтра.

26. This play will be forgotten in a few years’ time. = Через несколько лет эту пьесу забудут.

27. The patient is being operated on at this moment. = Этого пациента сейчас оперируют.

28. The bridge was built last year. = Мост был построен в прошлом году.

29. My brother has never been beaten at tennis. = Моего брата никогда не побеждали в теннис.

30. English is spoken all over the world. = По всему миру говорят на английском языке.

31. Trees and flowers are being planted in the park now. = Сейчас в парке сажают деревья и цветы.

32. Were any questions asked about me? = Обо мне задавали какие-нибудь вопросы?

33. Your report will be discussed in two hours. = Через два часа будут обсуждать ваш доклад.

34. The children were punished for something they didn’t do. = Детей наказали за то, что они не совершали.

35. Milk are used for making butter and cheese. = Молого используют, чтобы сделать масло и сыр.

36. The floor is being washed in the classroom now. = В классе сейчас моют пол.

37. His lectures will be listened to with great interest. = Его лекции будут слушать с большим интересом.

38. You are wanted to help lay the table. = Хотят, чтобы помогли накрыть на стол.

39. A pupil are always praised when he works hard. = Ученика всегда хвалят, когда он усердно работает.

40. The stolen car has been found in another town. = Украденную машину обнаружили в другом городе.