Tag Archive for Тренировочные упражнения

Тренировочные упражнения. Сравнительная конструкция с союзом AS…AS. Intermediate.

Начинаем тренироваться с самого элементарного, и это, как правило, английские простые предложения, которые построены по соответствующим правилам или включают в себя словосочетания, так сказать, на “заданную тему”. Необходимо привыкнуть к новой грамматике и к новым словам, которые частенько сопутствуют новым правилам. То есть доводим до уровня: смысл ясен и понятен , а язык не спотыкается. Чаще всего, на первом этапе, предлагается поставить утвердительные предложения в отрицательную и вопросительные формы. Обычно такие задания не доставляют особых затруднений.

В заданиях среднего уровня необходимо прикладывать больше усилий, так как задача немного усложняется. Напоминаю о четырех моделях A, B, C, D сравнительных конструкций с союзом AS…AS, и союзом THAN.

В следующем упражнении дайте полные ответы на следующие вопросы. Ответы могут быть положительным и и отрицательными; перед списком вопросов есть модели, по которым можно ориентироваться..

А. Если сравниваются разные объекты.

Model. Are you as tall as your brother? – Yes, I am. I am as tall as my brother. No, I am not. I am not so tall as my brother.

1. Are your friends as young as you?

2. Is he as tall as his father?

3. Was she as shy as a mouse?

4. Are the clouds as white as snow?

5. Is the evening as damp as the morning?

6. Is he as clever as his brother?

7. Were they as brave as their father?

8. Is she as pretty as her cousin?

9 .Is it as cold today as yesterday?

10. Is the film as interesting as the book?

A. Выберите подходящие фразы и дополните следующие предложения.

as beautiful as a horse, as cheap as oranges, as comfortable as the flats, as poor as a church mouse, as lazy as their brother, as strong as his father, as deep as the lake, as interesting as the book, as shy as a mouse, as young as his wife.

1. My brother is …

2. This girl was …

3. Apples are  …

4. The film …

5. The river …

6. He is …

7. They were

8. This woman is …

9. These houses are

10. A donkey is …

B. Если сравниваются одинаковые объекты с указательными местоимениями this/that и these/those.

Model. Is this bus as quick as that one? – Yes, it is. This bus is as quick as that one. No, it is not. This bus is not so quick as that one.

1. Is this story as funny as that one?

2. Is this dress as short as the tall one?

3. Are these  questions as difficult as those ones?

4. Was this boy as strong as that one?

5. Were these boys as busy as those ones?

6. Is their new flat is as comfortable as the old one?

7. Is this forest as thick as that one?

8. Was this trunk as heavy as that one?

9. This hill is as low as that one.

10. This street as wide as the next one.

B. Выберите подходящие фразы и дополните следующие предложения.

as difficult as that one, as modern as that one, as beautiful as that one, as dark as those ones, as long as that one, as easy as that one, as narrow as the next one, as boring as those ones, as deep as than one, as shallow as that one.

1. This exercise is …

2. This street was …

3. These books are

4. This river is …

5. This lake is…

6. This way was …

7. These rooms are …

8. This  painting is …

9. This task was …

10. This flat is …

C. Если есть простая и абсолютная притяжательная форма местоимений.

Model. Is your son is as smart as his? – Yes, he is. My son is as smart as his. No, he is not. My son is not so smart as his.

1.Is your wife as economical as mine?

2. Is his bag as light as hers?

3. Was their  house as near as ours?

4. Is her composition as long as his?

5. Is his handwriting as bad as yours?

6. Are his children as naughty as hers?

7. Are her eyes as black as his?

8. Is your garden as lovely as theirs?

9. Are their marks as excellent as his?

10. Is your coat as warm as mine?

C. Выберите подходящие фразы и дополните следующие предложения.

as little as hers, as interesting as ours, as lovely as mine, as sweet as his, as beautiful as theirs,  as big as hers, as heavy as ours, as short as mine, as foolish as yours, as deep as mine.

1. His voice is …

2. Her singing was …

3. Our garden is …

4. Her cat is …

5. Their work is …

6. My dog is …

7. Their luggage is …

8. My children are …

9. Her jacket is …

10. Their mistake are …

D. Если есть существительные в притяжательном падеже.

Model. Are her dresses as short as her friend’s?  — Yes, they are. Her dresses are as short as her friend’s. No, they are not. Her dresses are not so short as her friend’s.

1. Are her days as busy as her husband’s?

2. Is his health as poor as his wife’s?

3. Is your mother  as old as your friend’s?

4. Is his dog as big as his father’s?

5. Are the boy’s marks as good as his sister’s?

6. Is your house as large as your parents’?

7. Is her smile as pleasant as her sister’s?

8. Was his beard as long as his brother’s?

9. Are Your children as  polite as your friends’?

10. Was his welcome as hearty as his wife’s?

D. Выберите подходящие фразы и дополните следующие предложения.

as blue as her mother’s, as noble as his father’s, as sweet as her sister’s, as new as your friend’s, as excellent as their parents’, as rich as his grandfather’s, as bad as his brother’s, as dirty as their brothers’, as foolish as her neighbour’s, as large as your parents’.

1. Your kitchen is …

2. Her mistakes are …

3. Their hands were …

4. His handwriting is …

5. His library is …

6. Their health was …

7. My car is …

8. His face is …

9. Her voice is …

10. Her eyes are …

Тренировочные упражнения. Сравнительная конструкция с союзом AS…AS. Elementary.

Каждое, даже самое незначительное, на первый взгляд, грамматическое правило необходимо отработать до полного автоматизма в тренировочных упражнениях. Знать и понимать грамматические правила вовсе не означает, что вы умеете ими свободно пользоваться. Начинать всегда надо с самого простого, с английских несложных предложений, в которых предложения построены по правилу, которое предполагается отработать.

Займемся сравнительными конструкциями. Напоминаю, что их всего три. Первая сравнительная конструкция с союзом: AS…AS, вторая сравнительная конструкция с союзом:THAN , и, наконец, третья конструкция с определенными артиклями: THE…THE… .

Сейчас на очереди первая сравнительная конструкция.

Поставьте следующие утвердительные (+) предложения в отрицательную (-) и вопросительную (?) формы.

Существует четыре модели в первой и второй сравнительной конструкции, поэтому я разделила предложения на четыре группы:  A,B,C,D.

Можно выполнять упражнение устно и письменно, но устная речь  предпочтительней. Само собой  разумеется, следует понимать смысл английских предложений, но они очень простые и затруднений не предвидится.

А. Если сравниваются разные объекты.

1. This problem is as serious as the others.

2. John was as sensitive as a girl.

3. These sisters are as beautiful as their mother.

4. He is as witty  as his brother.

5. My grandfather was as brave as a lion.

6. The sun is as hot as fire.

7. They are as careful as their brother.

8. The sea is as blue as the sky.

9. The film is as interesting as the book.

10. This child is as shy as a mouse.

11. The air is as fresh here as at the seaside.

12. Her heart felt as heavy as lead.

13. These stories are as funny as anecdotes.

14. My father is as busy as a bee.

15. Her grandmother was as poor as a church mouse.

16. Her voice was as clear as the bell.

17. These flowers are as bright as a butterfly.

18. His reading is as bad as his phonetics.

19. Her skin was as white as snow.

20. This man is as blind as a bat.

B. Если сравниваются одинаковые объекты с указательными местоимениями:this/that; these/those;

1. This question is as difficult as that one.

2. These rooms are as large as those ones.

3. This boy is as tall as that one.

4. This road is as long as that one.

5. These books are as boring as that ones.

6. This garden is as beautiful as that one.

7. Their new flat is as comfortable as the old one.

8. These boys are as lazy as those ones.

9. This box was as heavy as that one.

10. This skirt is as short as that one.

11. This path was as narrow as that one.

12. This man is as strong as the tall one.

13. This forest is as thick as that one.

14. These texts are as easy as those ones.

15. These apples are as sweet as those ones.

16. These rooms are as dark as those ones.

17. Your new dress is as long as the old one.

18. The red pencil is as hard as the green one.

19. The long road is as dirty as the short one.

20. This stuff is as good as that one.

C. Если определителем сравниваемых существительных является притяжательные местоимения. Абсолютная форма притяжательных местоимений.

1. My mother is as old as yours.

2. Her hair is as fair as mine.

3. Your neighbours were as nice as ours.

4. His father was as famous as hers.

5. Their children are as noisy as yours.

6. Her jacket is as warm as mine.

7. Their mistakes were as bad as yours.

8. His hands are as little as hers.

9. Your story is as funny as his.

10. Our lessons are as interesting as theirs.

11. Their luggage was as heavy as ours.

12. His marks are as excelllent as mine.

13. Their work is as difficult as yours.

14. His voice is as deep as hers.

15. Her singing is as sweet as yours.

16. Their family is as large as yours.

17. Your rooms are as light as his.

18. Our garden is as lovely as theirs.

19. Our answers are as ready as theirs.

20. Her welcome was as hearty as his.

D. Если есть притяжательный падеж существительных.

1. His work is as interesting as his father’s.

2. My task was as easy as my sister’s.

3. Your rooms are as light as your parents’.

4. Her hair is as long as her mother’s.

5. Our flat is as comfortable as your friend’s.

6. His eyes are as black as his brother’s.

7. Their apple-trees are as big as their neighbours’.

8. His library ia as rich as his friend’s.

9. Her smile is as pleasant as her sister’s.

10. Our work is as important as their friend’s.

11. Her days are as busy as her husband’s.

12. His health was as good as her wife’s.

13. Her eyes are as sad as her mother’s.

14. My watch is as new as my friend’s.

15. His beard is as long as his brother’s.

16. His face is as noble as his father’s.

17. My pronunciation is as good as my teacher’s.

18. Her children are as liitle as her sister’s.

19. His dog is as big as his father’s.

20. Her voice is as deep as her mother’s.

Тренировочные упражнения. Повелительное наклонение. Advanced.

Тот, кто хочет овладеть английским языком и знает , как этого добиться, усердно занимается прямыми переводами, то есть переводами с родного языка на английский.  Но что надо сделать в первую очередь, когда предстоит перевести предложение на английский? Первое , что надо сделать – это определить , в каком грамматическом поле находится это предложение и перестроить его на английский лад, если это нужно.

В действительности, это обычно происходит по такой схеме. Учащийся хватается за первое слово в предложении, переводит его, потом второе, потом  спотыкается, так как, либо не знает следующего слова, либо запутался в грамматике и понимает, что что-то пошло не так. НИКОГДА не беритесь за перевод, не определив грамматику и не поставив предложение в промежуточный вариант , то есть сделав предложение как бы “полуанглийским”, только с русскими словами.

Перед вами список предложений с простой грамматикой. Определите , какие предложения образованы в повелительном наклонении, и какое именно повелительное наклонение ( обращение к первому, второму или третьему лицу) перед вами. Не забывайте об ОЧЕНЬ вежливых просьбах, которые могут быть в вопросительной форме. Некоторые предложения образованы по другому правилу, значит надо вспомнить , по какому именно правилу. Рядом, в скобках, я напишу один из вариантов перевода с объяснениями, и вы можете себя проверить.

1. Немного подождите меня, пожалуйста, хорошо? Пойдем вместе, ладно? ( Оба предложения в повелительном наклонении: первое – обращение ко второму лицу, второе — обращение к первому лицу во множественном числе. Please wait for me a bit, won’t you? Let’s go together, shall we?)

2. Пусть дети поиграют на свежем воздухе. ( Повелительное наклонение: обращение к третьему лицу во множественном числе. Let the children play in the open air.)

3. Давай напишем им письмо, хорошо? (Повелительное наклонение: обращение к  первому лицу во множественном числе. Let’s write to them, shall we?)

4. Рассказать тебе сказку? – Да, пожалуйста. (Общий вопрос с модальным глаголом  “shall”. Shall I tell you a fairy-tale? – Yes, do please.)

5. Вы не видели сегодня Тома, так ведь? ( Разделительный вопрос типа “плюс-минус”. You haven’t seen Tom today, have you?)

6. Не подскажете ли мне, как добраться в аэропорт? ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Will you please tell me how to get to the airport?)

7. Давай я расскажу тебе сказку. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение от первого лица единственного числа. Let me tell your a fairy- tale?))

8. Не заставляйте нас себя ждать, Анна. Приходите вовремя, хорошо? (Оба предложения в повелительном наклонении. Обращение ко второму лицу. Please don’t keep us waiting, Ann. Come in time, won’t you?)

9. Разве ты не хочешь пойти со мной вместе? (Общий вопрос с отрицанием и с удивлением. Don’t you want to go along with me?)

10. Пойдем вместе со мной, пожалуйста. (Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Вежливая просьба. Will you go along with me?, please?)

11. Пожалуйста, купите мне несколько тетрадей, хорошо? ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Вежливая просьба. Won’t you please buy me several copy –books?)

12. Не сердитесь на меня, пожалуйста. (Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу.  Don’t be angry with me, please.)

13. Давай покатаемся на лодке, хорошо? ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение к первому лицу. Множественное число. Let’s go boating, shall we?)

14. Пусть отец не уступает; он ведь прав, не так ли? (Первое предложение  -повелительное наклонение. Обращение к третьему лицу. Единственное число. Второе предложение – разделительный вопрос типа: “плюс-минус”. Don’t let father give in; he is right, isn’t he?)

15. Не могли бы вы напечатать эту статью прямо сейчас? ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Вежливая просьба. Could you please type this article right now?

16. Вы смогли вчера сдать экзамен? ( Общий вопрос с модальным глаголом “could” в прошедшем времени. Could you pass yor examination yesterday? )

17. Пусть дети останутся здесь, пока я не вернусь. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение к третьему лицу. Множественное число.  Let the children stay here till I return. )

18. Обязательно наденьте теплое пальто. На улице холодно. ( Первое предложение – повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Второе предложение- безличное предложение первого типа. Do put on a warm coat. It is cold outside.)

19. Давайте отдохнем немножко. Я очень устала. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение к первому лицу. Множественное число. Let’s have a rest for a while. I am very tired.)

20. Дайте котенку молока. Он голодный. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Give some milk to the kitten. It’s hungry.)

21. Дайте мне немного подумать, пожалуйста. Не торопите с ответом, хорошо? ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение от первого лица единственного числа. Второе предложение: повелительное наклонение . Обращение ко второму лицу. Let me see, please. Don’t press with an answer, will you? )

22. Не затевай ссору, дорогая. Из этого ничего не выйдет. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Don’t start a quarrel, my darling. Nothing will come out of it.)

23. Позвольте мне сначала обдумать ваше предложение. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение от первого лица единственного числа.  Let me think over your suggestion first.)

24. Пожалуйста простите моего сына за причиненное вам беспокойство. ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Вежливая просьба. Forgive my son for his troubling you, won’t you?)

25. Ты не понимаешь, как переводить эти предложения, да? Объяснить еще раз? ( Первое предложение: разделительный вопрос типа “минус- плюс”. Второе предложение: Общий вопрос с модальным глаголом “shall”. You don’t understand how to translate this sentence, do you? Shall I explain it to you once more?)

25. Давайте обсудим этот вопрос завтра, хорошо? ( Повелительное наклонение. Обращение к первому лицу множественного числа. Let’s discuss this question tomorrow, shall we?)

26. Мне продолжать? – Нет, достаточно. Спасибо. ( Общий вопрос с модальным глаголом “shall”.  Shall I go on? – No , you needn’t. That will do. Thank you.

27. Пускай мама отдохнет. Не беспокойте ее, хорошо? (Оба предложения в повелительном наклонении. Первое предложение: обращение к третьему лицу единственного числа. Второе предложение: обращение ко второму лицую   Let mother have a rest. Don’t disturb her, will you?

28. Не опаздывайте на занятия, хорошо? (Повелительное наклонение. Обращение ко второму лицу. Вежливая просьба. Don’t be late for classes, will you?)

29. Вам трудно идти? Давай возьмем такси, хорошо? (Первое предложение : безличные предложения с !for-phrase”: второе предложение: повелительное наклонение, обращение к первому лицу в множественном числе. Is it difficult for you to walk? Let’s take a taxi, shall we?)

30. Вы расслышали мой вопрос? Повторить его еще раз? (Первое предложение: общий вопрос в Present Perfect Tense. Второе предложение: общий вопрос с модальным глаголом “shall”. Have you heard my question? Shall I repeat it?)

Тренировочные упражнения. Повелительное наклонение. Intermediate. Продолжение.

Обращаться с просьбой, приказом, советом или рекомендацией можно вежливо и ОЧЕНЬ вежливо и ненавязчиво. Очень вежливые обращения ко второму лицу ( лицам) могут быть в нескольких вариантах. Я напишу побудительные предложения на английском языке, образуйте из них очень вежливые просьбы и ненавязчивые советы. В конце упражнения я напишу правильные варианты, чтобы вы могли себя проверить..

1. Help me to translate this sentence, please.

2. Tell me the time, please.

3. Meet him after classes, please.

4. Please ring me up this evening.

5. Don’t interrupt me, please.

6. Please explain the meaning of this word to me.

7. Please collect some information about this incident.

8. Please ask the shop-assistant the price of the book.

9. Settle the day of the return, please.

10.. Please attempt to find a solution to that difficult task.

11. Don’t deny the truth what is said.

12. Avoid bad company, please.

13. Begin working without delay, please.

14. Don’t boast of your acnievements, please.

15. Please fetch the chidren from school.

16. Choose your friends as your books, few but choice.

17. Don’t deviate from truth, please.

18. Clean your shoes before you come into the house.

19. Shut your eyes to assist your meditation.

20. Please confirm your telephone message by letter.

21. Divide your time between work and rest, please.

22. Come when you are called, please.

23. Please soothe your restless children.

24. Decide what to do, please.

25. Please compare the translation with the original.

26. Please teach your children to obey.

27. Don’t imagine that I can lend you money every time you need it.

28. Please, speak more distinctly.

29. Please show me the shortest way to the village.

30. Repeat the sentence after the teacher, please.

Я образую из вышенаписанных предложений очень вежливые просьбы, советы и рекомендации в нескольких вариантах, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. Could you please help me to translate this sentence?

Do help me to translate this sentence.

Will you help me to translate this sentence , please?

Won’t you help me to translate this sentence, please?

2. Could you please tell me the time?

Do tell me the time, please.

Will you tell me the time ,please.

Won’t tell me the time , please.

3. Could you meet him after classes, please?

Do meet him after classes, please.

Please, meet him after classes, will you?

Please, meet him after classes, won’t you?

4. Could you please ring me up this evening?

Do ring me up this evening , please.

Will you ring me up this evening, please?

Won’t you ring me up this evening, please?

5. Please don’t interrupt me, will you?

6. Could you please explain the meaning of this word to me?

Do explain the meaning of this word to me.

Will you please explain the meaning of this word to me?

Won’t you explain the meaning of this word to me?

7. Could you please collect some information about this incident?

Do collect some information about this incident.

Please collect some information about this incident, will you?

Won’t you please collect some information about this incident?

8. Could you please ask the shop-assistant the price of the book?

Do ask the shop-assistant the price of the book.

Will you ask the shop-assistant the price of the book, please?

Won’t ask the shop-assistant the price of the book?

9. Could you please settle the day of the return?

Do settle the day of the return, please.

Will you please settle the day of the return?

Won’t you please settle the day of the return?

10. Do attempt to find a solution to that difficult task.

Will you please attempt to find a solution to that difficult task?

Attempt to find a solution to that difficult task, won’t you?

11. Please don’t deny the truth what is said, will you?

12. Do avoid bad company, please.

Avoid bad company, will you?

Please avoid bad company, won’t you?

13. Could you please begin working without delay?

Do begin working without delay, please.

Will you please begin warking without delay?

Won’t you please begin working without delay?

14. Please don’t boast about your achievements, will you?

15. Could you please fetch the children from school?

Do fetch the children from school, please.

Fetch the children from school, will you?

Fetch the children from school, won’t you?

16. Do choose your friends as your books, few but choice.

Choose your friends as your books, few but choice, won’t you?

Please choose your friends as your books, few but choice, will you?

17. Please don’t deviate from truth, will you?

18. Could you clean your shoes before you come into the house?

Do clean your shoes before you come into the house, please.

Will you please clean your shoes before you come into the house?

Clean your shoes before you come into the house, won’t you?

19. Could you please shut your eyes to assist your meditation?

Do shut your eyes to assist your meditation.

Will you please shut your eyes to assist your meditation?

Please shut your eyes to assist your meditation, won’t you?

20. Could you please confirm your telephone message by letter?

Do confirm your telephone message by letter.

Will you please confirm your telephone message by letter?

Confirm your telephonr message by letter, won’t you?

21. Do divide your time between work and rest.

Divide your time between work and rest, will you?

Please divide your time between work and rest, won’t you?

22. Could you please come when you are called?

Do come when you are called.

Will you come when you are called?

Won’t come when you are called?

23. Could you please soothe your restless children?

Do soothe your restless children, please.

Will you soothe your restless children, please?

Won’t you soothe your restless children ?

24. Could you please decide what to do?

Do decide what to do.

Will you decide what to do?

Won’t you decide what to do?

25. Could you please  compare the translation with the original?

Do compare the translation with the original, please.

Will you compare the translation with the original?

Won’t you compare the translation with the original?

26. Could you please  teach your children to obey?

Do teach your children to obey.

Will you teach your children to obey?

Won’t you teach your children to obey?

27. Please don’t imagine that I can lend you money every time you need it, will you?

28.Could you please speak more distinctly?

Do speak more disinctly, please.

Will you please speak more distinctly?

Won’t you please speak more distinctly?

29. Could you please show me the shortest way the the village?

Do show me the shortest way to te village, please.

Please show me the shortest way to the village, will you?

Please show me the shortest way to the village, won’t you?

30. Could you please repeat the sentence after the teacher?

Do repeat the sentence after the teacher, please.

Will you repeat the sentence after the teacher, please?

Won’t you repeat the sentence after the teacher, please?

Тренировочные упражнения. Повелительное наклонение. Intermediate.

Немного усложним задание. Я напишу предложения на английском языке, в которых в скобках находятся местоимения первого и третьего лица в единственном и множественном числе и существительные. Раскройте скобки и поставьте местоимения в нужном падеже. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В конце упражнения я напишу правильные предложения, чтобы вы могли себя проверить. В переводе , полагаю, затруднений не будет.

1. Let (we) translate these articles into English.

2. Let (he) insist on his decision.

3. Let ( the secretary) type the letters and send them at once.

4. Let (they) pay attention to what I said.

5. Let (Anna) forgive me for not writing to her.

6. Let (she) put on a coat. It is very cold outside.

7. Let ( your friend) look for a job.

8. Let (I) settle the matter myself.

9. Let (Tom) attend to these documents at once.

10. Let (they) exchange of ideas.

11. Let (she) keep her engagement.

12. Let (my children) play football in the yard.

13. Let (we) ask the way to the station.

14. Let (I) explain this rule to you.

15. Let ( the dogs) run about in the field.

16. Let (they) get to know each other better.

17. Let (each of these students) devote all his time to the studies.

18. Let (Mary) speak from memory.

19. Let (he) persuade his sister  to see the doctor at once.

20. Let ( your brother) take steps to improve the position.

21. Let (we) have another try.

22. Let (they) answer all these questions.

23. Let ( his granny) be, don’t disturb her.

24. Let (I) see — where  have I left my key?

25. Let (he) make an appointment with the doctor.

26. Let (George and his wife) take care of their nephews.

27. Let (they) do their best to improve the position.

28. Let ( one of these pupuls) fetch me my plasses.

29. Let (she) praise her child for being very helpful.

30. Let (we) check all these figures.

31. Let ( these students) prepare for English examination.

32. Let (they) go back to their place.

33. Let ( her sister) keep her promise.

34. Let ( George) choose some books in the library.

35. Let ( he) reserve a table at a restaurant.

36. Let (we) congratulate Tom on his marriage.

37. Let ( the doctor) examine your brother.

38. Let (she) choose a present for her granny.

39. Let (they) stay where they are.

40. Let ( some of them) find out where he lives.

41. Let (your aunt) take a taxi.

42. Let (we) keep the law.

43. Let (the teacher) compare John’s translation with mine.

44. Let (we) cheer Ann up.

45. Let (we) invite our neighbours to the party.

46. Let (I) know when you are coming.

47. Let (she) go. She is not to blame.

48. Let (we) have lunch in the garden.

49. Let (Jim) say what he want

50. Let ( my friends ) take some photographs.

Я раскрою скобки и поставлю местоимениями в правильном падеже.

1. Let’s translate these articles into English.

2. Let him insist on his decision.

3. Let the secretary type the letteres and send them at once.

4. Let them pay attention to what I said.

5. Let Ann forgive me for not writing to her.

6. Let her put on a coat. It is very cold outside.

7. Let your friend look for a job.

8. Let me settle the matter myself.

9. Let Tom attend to the documents at once.

10. Let them exchange of ideas.

11. Let her keep her engagement.

12. Let my children play football in the yard.

13. Let’s ask the way to the station.

14. Let me explain this rule to you.

15. Let the dogs run about in the field.

16. Let them get to know each other better.

17. Let each of these students devote all his time to their studies.

18. Let Mary speak from memory.

19. Let him persuade his sister to see the doctor at once.

20. Let your brother take steps to improve the position.

21. Let’s have another try.

22. Let them answer all these questions.

23. Let his granny be; don’t disturb her.

24. Let me see – where have I left my key?

25. Let him make an appointment with the doctor.

26. Let George and his wife take care of their nephews.

27. Let them do their best to improve the position.

28. Let one of these pupils fetch me my glasses.

29. Let her praise her son for being very helpful.

30. Let’s check all these figures.

31. Let these students prepare for English examination.

32. Let them go back to their place.

33. Let her suster keep her promise.

34. Let George choose some books in the library.

35. Let him reserve a table at a restaurant.

36. Let’s congratulate Tom on his marriage.

37. Let the doctor examine your brother.

38. Let her choose a present for her granny.

39. Let them stay where they are.

40. Let some of them find out where he lives.

41. Let your aunt take a taxi.

42. Let’s keep the law.

43. Let the teacher compare John’s translation with mine.

44. Let’s cheer Ann up.

45. Let’s invite our neighbours to the party.

46. Let me know when you are coming.

47. Let her go. She is not to blame.

48. Let’s have lunch in the garden.

49. Let Jim say what he wants.

50. Let my friends take some photographs.

Тренировочные упражнения. Повелительное наклонение. Elementary.

Побуждение к действию может адресоваться ко  второму лицу ( лицам); третьему лицу ( лицам) и к первому лицу(лицам).

Обычно обращения с просьбой , советом, приказом, рекомендацией приказ, просьба адресуются собеседнику( собеседникам), то есть ко второму лицу ( лицам). Вот с них и начнем отрабатывать полученные знания. Упражнения в повелительном наклонение – идеальная тренировка для запоминания ГЛАГОЛОВ.

Я напишу несколько словосочетаний с глаголами. Образуйте  отрицательные предложения в повелительном наклонении. Для примера, рядом в скобках я напишу свои варианты отрицания. Само собой разумеется, надо понимать смысл английских предложений.

1. to  talk so loudly.            ( Don’t talk so loudly, please. The children are sleeping.)

2. to reply to this letter.       ( Please don’t reply to this letter now. Do it later.)

3. to be late for the meeting. ( Please don’t be late for the meeting. Be in time.)

4. to wake somebody up early. ( Don’t wake me up early tomorrow morning, mother.)

5. to sit on the ground.           ( Children, don’t sit on the ground, please. It is damp.)

6. to put one’s feet on the desk.  ( Don’t put your feet on the desk, young man. Behave youself!)

7. to be cruel to somebody.        ( Never be cruel to animals, children.)

8. to disturb somebody.              ( Don’t disturb your granny, John. She is having a rest.)

9. to copy from the next person. ( Please don’t copy from the next person, students.)

10. to  be upset about it.            ( Anna, don’t be so upset about it, please. Everything will be well.)

11. to look out of the window.      ( Don’t be look out of the window, Tom.)

12. to  throw things at somebody.  ( Don’t throw stones at the dog, children.)

13. to be ashamed of something.    ( Never be ashamed of telling the truth, sonny.)

14. to leave the room.                      ( Please don’t leave the room. Stay here for a while.)

15. to hurt one’s feelings.                  ( Don’t  hurt her feelings, please. She is very touchy. )

16. to be scared of something.           ( Don’t be scared of taking your examination.)

17. to refuse somebody’s help.            ( George, don’t refuse your father’s help, please.)

18. to climb the tree.                         ( Don’t climb the tree, children. You can fall down.)

19. to be envious of somebody.            ( Never be envious  of other people.)

20. to miss classes.                             ( Don’t miss your classes. You must have your English every day.

21. to touch exhibits in the museum.           ( Please, don’t touch the exhibits in the museum.)

22. to be angry with somebody.                     ( Please don’t be angry with me for not ringing you up.)

23. to treat one’s children badly.                    ( Never treat your children badly.)

24. to  mention this fact.                               ( Please don’t mention this fact at the meeting.)

25. to rely on somebody.                               ( Anna, don’t rely on this man, please. He will fail you.)

26. to be surprised at something.                    ( Don’t be surprised at his doing everything.)

27.  to agree with somebody.                        ( Please don’t agree with him.)

28. to interfere in a conversation.                   ( Please don’t interfere in our conversation, children.)

29. to complain to somebody.                         ( Please don’t complain to my mother, Tom.)

30. to worry about triffles.                             ( Mother, don’t worry about trifles.)

31. to show the letter to somebody.                ( Please don’t show this letter to my father. He will get furious about it.)

32. to waste one’s time on useless things.        ( Don’t waste your time on useless things, sonny.)

33. to remind somebody about it.                    ( Please don’t remind my wife about it. I do hope she forgot everything.)

34. to hesitate to do it.                                ( Please don’t hesitate to do it.)

35. to be nervous.                                       ( Don’t be so nervous, Anna.)

36. pretend to be asleep.                              ( Don’t pretend to be asleep, my child.)

37. to be silent.                                           ( Don’t be silent. Say something.)

38. to create difficulties.                               ( Please don’t create difficulties. Do everything properly.)

39. to invent excuses.                                   ( Don’t invent excuses, please.)

40. to  argue with somebody.                          ( Don’t argue with your people.)

Тренировочные упражнения. Вопросы с вводными фразами (parentheses).”Asking for repeatition” questions. Elementary.

Часто бывает такая ситуация: двое разговаривают друг с другом, но один из собеседников не понял ( или не расслышал) , слово, словосочетание или все высказывание другого собеседника или просто хочет уточнить что-либо. Тогда выручают вопросы с просьбой о повторении непонятого слова, словосочетания или всего высказывания. Такие вопросы так и называются: “asking for a repeatition” questions. Это — вопросы с вводными фразами (parentheses), о которых я уже рассказывала. Теперь надо отработать пройденный материал.

Начнем тренироваться самого простого. Я напишу фразу на английском языке и отмечу в этом предложении слово ( словосочетание) к которому и надо поставить вопрос с просьбой о повторении. В конце упражнения я напишу правильно составленные “asking for a repeatition” questions =  вопросы c просьбой о повторении  и вы сможете себя проверить.

Для ясности напишу пример:

Дано высказывание: I says: “ This conference will take place in London”.

Ключевое слово -“London”, именно его вы не расслышали или просто хотите уточнить. Составляю вопрос с просьбой о повторении, то есть с вводной фразой.

Where do you say the conference will take place? = Где, вы говорите, будет проводиться конференция?

Попробуйте самостоятельно составить вопросы с просьбой о повторении (“asking for repeatition questions) по высказыванию.

1. Дано высказывание: I said,  “John will take a holiday in May”.

You asked, “ … ?”

2. Дано высказывание: Ann says: “ My boy-friend gave me a car for my birthday.”

You asks: “… ?”

3.Дано высказывание: I said: “ His name is James.”

You asked: “… ?”

4. Дано высказывание:  She says: “ My brother works at an office.”

You asks: “… ?”

5. Дано высказывание: Tom said: “ In New York state you can get a driving licence when you are sixteen.”

You asked: “…?”

6. Дано высказывание: Dennis wrote: “ I complained to the manager of the restaurant about the food.”

You asked:”…?”

7. Дано высказывание: He said: “ A strange thing happened to me the other day.”

You asked:”…?”

8. Дано высказывание: Mary says: “ I have searched the whole house for my keys but I still can’t find them”.

You asks: “…?”

9. Дано высказывание: George writes: “ This house reminds me of the one I lived in when I was a child.”

You asks: “…?”

10. Дано высказывание: My teacher said: “ George Orwell’s books have been translated into many languages.”

You asked: “…?”

Напишу “asking for a repeatition” questions и переведу их на русский язык.

1.You asked: “When did you say John would take a holiday?” = “ Когда, как вы сказали, Джон возьмет отпуск?”

2. You asks: “ What does Ann say her boy–friend gave her for her birthday?”  = “Что, как Анна говорит, ее друг подарил ей на день рождения?”

3. You asked: “ What did you say his name was?” =  “Как, вы сказали, его зовут?”

4. You asks: “ Where does she say her brother work?” =  “Где, как она говорит, ее брат работает?”

5. You asked: “ What did Tom say you could get in New York state  when you were sixteen?” = Что, как Том сказал, вы можете получить в штате Нью Йорк, когда вам исполниться шестнадцать?”

6. You asked: “ Who did Dennis write he had complained to about the food?” = “Кому, как Деннис написал, он пожаловался на еду?”

7. You asked: “ When did he say a strange thing had happened to him?” = “Когда, как он сказал, что-то странное с ним случилось?”

8. You asks: “ What does Mary say she has searched for the whole house but she still can’t find?” = “Что, как Мария говорит, она искала по всему дому и все еще не может найти?”

9. You asks: “ What does George write this house reminds him of ?” = “ Что, как Джордж пишет, это дом ему напоминает?”

10. You asked: “ Whose books did your teacher say had been translated into many languages?” = “ Чьи книги, как твой учитель сказал, были переведены на многие языки?”

Тренировочные упражнения. Вопросы с вводными фразами (parentheses). “Do-you-think” questions. Elementary.

Вопросы с вводными фразами (parentheses) часто встречаются в реальной жизни, поэтому к ним стоит повнимательнее присмотреться и отработать до автоматизма. Напоминаю, что вопросы с вводными фразами (parentheses) можно разделить на два типа: вопросы о мнении, так называемые “do-you-think” questions и вопросы с просьбой о повторении, их можно назвать “ asking for repetition” questions.

Давайте потренируемся составлять “do-you-think” questions, которые состоят из двух вопросов, один из которых, собственно говоря, и является вопросом, а второй – это вопрос о мнении собеседника.

Начнем с самого простого. Я напишу попарно два вопроса, которые надо объединить в один вопрос с вводной фразой (parenthesis). Рядом в скобках я напишу правильный ответ и вы сможете себя проверить. Само собой разумеется надо понимать смысл английских предложений.

1. Why did he mention it? +  What do you think ?

( Why do you think he mentioned it?)

2. Where are the children now? + What do you think ?

( Where do you think the children are now?)

3. Will they come tonight? + What do you think?

( Do you think they will come?)

4. Why doesn’t England go over to the right-hand traffic? + What do you think?

(Why do you think England doesn’t go over to the right-hand traffic?)

5. What is the device used for? + What do you think?

( What do you think the device is used for?)

6. Is English grammar more difficult than Russian grammar? + What do you think?

( Do you think English grammar is more difficult than Russian grammar?)

7. How long will it take us to read this play by Oscar Wilde? + What do you think?

( How long do you think it will take us to read this play by Oscar Wilde?)

8. Do they like to go sightseeing with a guide? + what do you think?

( Do you think they like to go sightseeing with a guide?)

9. Which foreign countries has he been to? + What do you think?

( Which foreign countries do you think he has been to?)

10. Why are sport, art and hobbies the best topics for light social conversation? + What do you think?

( Why do you think sport, art and hobbies are the best topics for light social conversation?)

11. Was George surprised at his examination results? + What do you think?

( Do you think George was surprised at his examinaation results)

12. When will you be able to read original English books? + What do you think?

( When do you think you will be able to read original English books?)

13. What do we have to do to learn to speak a foreign language? + What do you think?

( What do you think we have to do to learn to speak a foreign language?)

14. Can we begin swimming and sunbathing early in May? + What do you think?

( Do you think we can begin swimming and sunbathing early in May?)

15. Why do many people like to read crime stories? + What do you think?

( Why do you think many people like to read crime stories?)

16. Will you be very busy whan preparing for your exams? + What do you think?

( Do you think you will be very busy when preparing for your exams?)

17. What was the matter with Ann? + What do you think? ( What do you think the matter with Ann was?)

18. Must we start doing the work at once? + What do you think?

( Do you think we must start doing the work at once?)

19. Who advised him to begin learning English again? + What do you think?

( Who do you think advised him to begin learning again?)

20. Why should the patient have confidence in the doctor? + What do you think?

( Why do you think the patient should have confdence in the doctor?)

21. When will your son be able to speak English? + What do you think?

( When do you think your son will be able to speak English?)

22. Which of these students is good at sports and games? + What do you think?

( Which of these students do you think is good at sports and games?)

23. Why is it good to start learning a foreign language at an early age? + What do you think?

( Why do you think it is good to start learning a foreign language at an early age?)

24. Who do these things belong to? + What do you think?

Who do you think these things belong to?)

25. Why is it necessary for children to spend a lot of time in the open air? + What do you think?

( Why do you think it is necessary for children to spend a lot of timein the open air?)

Тренировочные упражнения. Альтернативные вопросы. Advanced.

Итак, теперь займемся переводами альтернативных вопросов. Если вы знаете, как переводить общие вопросы, то альтернативные вопросы не доставят много хлопот.

Переведите следующие альтернативные вопросы на английский язык, а в конце этого списка я переводу их  и вы сможете себя проверить.

1. Вы обычно готовите себе сами или кто-нибудь делает это для вас?

2. Вы вчера ходили в кино или в театр?

3. Ваш брат был в Италии летом или зимой?

4. Вы изучаете английский язык или вы уже его хорошо знаете?

5. Английская грамматика труднее, чем русская грамматика, или легче?

6. Вы читали книги Джека Лондона на русском или на английском языке?

7. Вчера студенты пришли на занятия раньше или позже преподавателя?

8. Можно мне с вами поговорить до или после занятий?

9. Вы были замужем или нет, когда вы были студенткой?

10. Доктор сразу понял( определил) что с вами случилось или ему потребовалось время, чтобы это выяснить?

11. У вас сын или дочка?

12. Сегодня тихая погода или ветреная?

13. Мы встретимся на углу кинотеатра или в парке?

14. Ты будешь заниматься английским языком сегодня вечером или завтра утром?

15. В детстве ты увлекалась пением или танцами?

16. Ваши дети отправляются спать рано или поздно?

17. Можно мне чашку чая или кофе?

18. Твой дом рядом с берегом реки или далеко от него?

19. Твой дедушка гуляет по утрам или по вечерам?

20. Опасно ли плавать или кататься на лодке, когда дует сильный ветер?

21. Вы позавтракали сегодня или вам пришлось идти на работу без завтрака?

22. Нью-Йорк больше, чем Вашингтон или меньше?

23. Вы обычно делаете покупки одна или с мужем?

24. Вы провели это лето в селе или в городе?

25. В вашей комнате светло или темно?

26. Ваш сын играет в футбол в будни или по субботам и воскресеньям?

27. Дети играют сейчас в саду или во дворе?

28. Вы путешествовали на большом корабле или на маленькой лодке?

29. Вы бы скорее выговорились или попытались избежать обсуждения больных тем?

30. Ваши родители живут в доме или в многоэтажке?

31. Они вернутся к понедельнику или ко вторнику?

32. Англия больше или меньше, чем Франция?

33. Вы писали вчера диктант или контрольную работу?

34. Вы читаете сейчас больше , чем вы читали в детстве или меньше?

35. Ты собираешься поехать куда –нибудь в отпуск или останешься в городе?

36. Достаточно ли один раз объяснить ребенку, что врать нехорошо или необходимо напоминать ему об этом несколько раз?

37. Анна понимает что мы говорим или нет?

38. Тебе было трудно или легко учить английский, кода ты была в Институте?

39. Вы любите плавать в море или в речке?

40. Вы ездили в командировку или развлекаться?

41. Он дома или в офисе?

42. Вам обычно хватает времени, чтобы добраться в офис или вам надо спешить?

43.  Твой отец выше или ниже тебя?

44. Вы были дома или была ваша жена, когда пришла телеграмма?

45. Сейчас вы говорите на английском языке лучше или хуже, чем три месяца назад?

46. Когда вы были в Канаде,  вы говорили на английском языке или на французском?

47. Том переводит статьи с английского языка или с французского?

48. В апреле обычно холодно или тепло?

49. Вы были удивлены результатам теста или вы ожидали таких результатов?

50. Вы обедаете дома или в офисе?

51. Ваш сын похож на вас или вашу жену?

52. Вы сейчас в хорошей форме или вы не практиковались?

53. Вы ездили за город в прошлую субботу и воскресенье или остались в городе?

54. Вы обычно обсуждаете вопросы с друзьями по телефону или когда с ними видитесь?

55. Вчера было тепло или холодно?

56. Анна выводит сына погулять только в хорошую погоду или даже когда идет дождь?

57. У тебя есть племянники или племянницы?

58. Правильно ли скрывать свои чувства от других людей или это глупо?

59. Есть ли прямой поезд в Лондон или вам приходится делать пересадку?

60. Вы назначали деловые встречи на утреннее или дневное время?

Переведу все альтернативные вопросы на английский язык, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1.Do you usually make your meal yourself or does somebody else do it for you?

2. Did you go to the cinema or to the theatre yesterday?

3. Was your brother in Italy in the summer or in the winter?

4. Do you learn English or do you already know it well?

5. Is English grammar more difficult than Russian grammar, or is it less difficult?

6. Have you read books by Jack London in Russian or in English?

7. Did the students come to classes yesterday earlier than the teacher did, or later?

8. Can I speak to you before or after classes?

9. Were you married or single when you were a student?

10. Did the doctor see what was matter with you immediately or did it take him some time to find out?

11. Have you got a son or a daughter?

12. Is the weather calm today, or is it windy?

13. Shall we meet at the corner of the cinema or in the park?

14. Are you going to have your English tonight or tomorrow morning?

15. Were you fond of singing or dancing in your childhood?

16. Do your children go to bed early or late?

17. Can I have a cup of tea or a cup of coffee?

18. Is your house near the bank of the river or far from it?

19. Does you grandfather go walks in the morning or in the evening?

20. Is it dangerous to go swimming or boating when a strong wind is blowing?

21. Did you have breakfast today or did you have to go to the office without it?

22. Is New-York larger than Washington or smaller?

23. Do you usually do your shopping alone or with your husband?

24. Did you spend the summer in the country or in town?

25. Is it light in your room or is it dark?

26. Does your son play football on weekdays or at the week-end?

27. Are the children playing in the garden or in the yard?

28. Did you travel on a large ship or in a small boat?

29. Would you rather speak up or would you try to avoid discussiong painful matters?

30. Do your parents live in a house or a block of flats?

31. Will they come back by Monday or by Tuesday?

32. Is England larger or smaller than France?

33. Did you have a dictation or a test yesterday?

34. Do you read more now than you did in your childhood, or less?

35. Are you going away anywhere for your holiday, or are staying in town?

36. Is it enough only to explain to the child that’t bad to tell lies or is it necessary to remind him about it several times?

37. Does Ann understand what we are saying or not?

38. Was English language difficult or easy for you when you were at your Institute?

39. Do you like swimming in the sea or in the river?

40. Did you travel on business or for pleasure?

41. Is he at home or at his office?

42. Do you usually have enough time to get to your office or do you have to hurry?

43. Is your father taller than you, or shorter?

44. Were you at home or was your wife at home when the telegram came?

45. Do you speak English better now than you did three month ago, or worse?

46. Did you speak English or French when you were in Canada?

47. Does Tom translate articles from English or from French?

48. Is it usually cold in April , or is it warm?

49. Were you surprised at the result of the test or had you expected it?

50. Do you have dinner at home or at your office?

51. Does your son look like you or like your wife?

52. Are you in good form now or are you out of practice?

53. Did you go to the country for the last week-end or did you stay in town?

54. Do you usually discuss things with your friends on the telephone or when you see them?

55. Was it warm yesterday , or was it cold?

56. Does Ann only take her son out in nice weather or does she do it even when it rains?

57. Have you got any nephews or nieces?

58. Is it right to hide one’s feelings from other people or is it silly?

59. Is there a through train to London or do you have to change trains?

60. Did you make business appointment in the morning or in the afternoon?

Тренировочные упражнения. Альтернативные вопросы. Elementary.

Что представляют из себя альтернативные вопросы я уже рассказала, теперь надо заняться тренировочными упражнениями. Хотя эта тема и не кажется слишком сложной, но отрабатывать надо всю грамматику.

Как обычно, начинаем с самого простого, о потом уже перейдем к переводам на английский язык. Напоминаю, что альтернативный  вопрос состоит из двух общих вопросов, и второй вопрос это и есть предлагаемая альтернатива.

Я напишу первую часть альтернативного вопроса, которую надо дополнить вторым общим вопросом, который может быть усеченным или неполным ( кроме вопросов к подлежащему). Альтернативу можно предложить к любому члену общего вопроса. Я выделю то слово, к которому надо поставить второй вопрос и рядом в скобках напишу свой вариант альтернативы, но вы можете предложить любой другой вариант. Альтернатива может быть предложена  и ко всему первому вопросу.

1. Does your sister have her English every day or…                 (… not?)

2. Did you remind George about the party or …                       (… forget?)

3. Is it raining or…                                                              (… snowing?)

4. Can you rely on Tom or…                                                 ( … George?)

5. Have you written to your parents or …                                (… called them up?)

6. Are you going to apologise to him or …                                (… his wife?)

7. Will  Ann be at home at 11 o’clock or…                                ( at 12 o’clock?)

8. Could you visit the museum yesterday or…                          ( … the day before yesterday?)

9. Is everybody aware of the dangers of smoking these days or… (…not?)

10. Has John buy a car or …                                                   ( … a motorcycle?)

11. Do you work here or …                                                     (… does Tom?)

12. Were you at home on Monday morning or …                         ( … at work?)

13. Can they come tomorrow or …                                          ( … the day after tomorrow?)

14. Do you want to go out or…                                               (… to stay at home?)

15. Are you laughing at me or…                                               ( … at yourself?)

16. Does this decision depends on you or …                               ( … your husband?)

17. Did you come here on bicycle or….                                     ( …by bus?)

18. Can you skate well or…                                                     (.. ski?)

19. Do these ladies go to the theatre on Saturday evenings or…   (… do they stay at home?)

20. Was you brother in time for his lesson yesterday or…             (..not?)

21. Does Ann translate from English or …                                  (…  from German?)

22. Are you looking for Tom or…                                               (… George?)

23. Have you been to China this year or…                                   ( … to Japan?)

24. Was it very cold yesterday or …                                            (…cool?)

25. Do the children wake up at seven o’clock or…                    (… at eight o’clock?)

26. Did you go to the seaside or …                         ( … to the mountains?)

27. Does your friend work at an office or …                               (… at a factory?)

28. Did you watch the match on television or …                       (… listen to it on the radio?)

29. Was Tom responsible for this work or …                           ( … was John?)

30. Did you drink tea for breakfast or …                                   (…coffee?)

31. Shall I answer this question or                                            (… shall Ann?)

32. Has Mary gone to Italy or …                                             (… to France?)

33. Do you usually go for a walk in the morning or …                  (…in the evening?)

34. Children must obey their parents or                                  (… grandparents?)

35. Did you understand your last grammar lesson or …                ( …not?)

36. Were you waiting for Ann yesterday or …                            ( … for Mary?)

37. Is Mary  very fond of dancing or…                                      (… singing?)

38. Did our friend go to England by air or …                             (… by sea?)

39 Does this car belong to George or…                                   ( … Tom?)

40. Are you going to revise the grammar rules this evening or …   ( … tomorrow?)

41. Did Ann do well at college or …                                         ( …not?)

42. Are you speaking English or …                                           ( … Russian?)

43. Did you go to the country for the last week-end or…           ( … did you stay in town?)

44. Do you play tennis on week-days or …                               (… at the weekend?)

45. Are you interested in music or …                                       ( … architeture?)

46. Do you do many exercises at home or …                             ( …not?)

47. Can you phone me this evening or                                 (… tomorrow morning?)

48. Will you have to leave tonight or                                    ( … to stay here?)

49. Did they grow their own vegetables or …                         (… buy them?)

50. Has he got much money or …                                         (… little money?)