Тренировочные упражнения с оборотом “to be going to…”. Intermediate.

Продолжаем заниматься оборотом “to be going to…”.  Начинаем тренировки с простых, понятных упражнений, чтобы выполнять их без особых усилий. Обычно  это утвердительные предложения на английском языке, которые надо поставить в отрицательные и вопросительные формы. Эти правила едины для всех временных форм, так что напрягаться особо не придется, абсолютно механическая работа, но очень важная. Единственная трудность – это незнакомые слова, но это очень даже хорошо, так как, тренируясь по заданной грамматике, можно одновременно и поднабраться новых слов.

Усложним немного задания, чтобы выйти на средний уровень. Теперь уже надо “подключать мозги”, то есть думать. Задание такое: в английских предложениях надо раскрыть скобки и поставить глагол в нужном времени; здесь уже ориентируемся по маячкам и по контексту. Само собой переводим и вникаем в смысл. Приведу пример:

Why are you turning on the television? – I … ( to watch ) the news.

Раскрываем скобки, определяем время и вот, что мы имеем:

Why are you watching on the television? – I am going to watch the news. = Почему ты включаешь телевизор. – Я буду ( собираюсь, намереваюсь) смотреть новости.

В конце упражнения я напишу правильные ответы, и вы сможете проверить свои знания. Если будут неясности, задавайте вопросы.

1. Those clouds are very black, aren’t they? I think it … ( to rain).

2. Why are you filling this bucket with water? – I … ( wash) the car.

3. I’ve decided to re-paint this room. – What colour … ( you / to paint) it?

4. John … ( to travel) to England tomorrow.

5. It ( to be) very cold now. … you ( to think) it … ( to freeze)?

6. Look, a dog … ( to run) after the boy. It … ( to want) to bite him.

7. What  you … ( to read) when you are on holiday? – I … ( to read) detective stories. Now I … (to read) ‘The Shut Door’ by Ivor Lock.

8. I … (to see) that you … ( to wear) your best clothes. … you … ( to go) to the party? – No, I … (to go) to the wedding.

And who is the unhappy man who … ( to throw) away his freedom? You must tell him I .. ( to feel) sorry for him. – He .. (to speak) to you now.

9. Joan … (to swim) very well but she … ( not to dive).

10. What music you … ( to play) next? – Sheila … ( to sing) a song by Schubert; she … ( to sing) it very well.

11. … you … ( to understand) the present tense now? – I … ( to do) an exercise on it at this moment and I …( to think)  that I … ( to know) how to use it now.

12. The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe. It looks as if it … ( to fall) down.

13. Where … you… ( to go)? … you ( to go) shopping? – Yes, I … ( to buy) something for  dinner.

14. We … (to have) a party next Sunday. Would you like to come?

15. Nick, is it true that you … ( to get) married next week?

16. Ann, we… ( to go) to the country on Saturday. … you … ( to come) with us?

17. When … your brother … (to leave)?

18. I … ( not/ to go) away for my holidays next week because I haven’t got enough money.

19. What … you … ( to do) tomorrow evening?

20. There’s a film on television this evening. … you … ( to watch) it?

Вы можете делать упражнение устно или письменно, и проверьте вашу работу с правильными ответами.

1. Those clouds are very black, aren’t they? I think it is going to rain.

2. Why are you filling this bucket with water? – I am going to wash the car.

3. I’ve decided to re-paint this room. – What colour are you going to paint it?

4. John is travelling to England tomorrow.

5. It is very cold now. Do you think it is going to freeze?

6. Look, a dog is running after the boy. It is going to bite him.

7. What do you read when you are on holiday? – I read detective stories. Now I am reading  ‘ The Shut Door’  by Ivor Lock.

8. I see you are wearing your best clothes. Are you going to the party? – No, I am going to the  wedding.

And who is the unhappy man who is going to throw away his freedom? You must tell him I feel sorry for him. – He is speaking to you now.

9. Joan swims very well but she doesn’t dive.

10. What music are you going to play next? – Sheila is going to sing a song by Schubert; She sings it very well.

11. Do you understand the present tense now? – I am doing an exercise on it at this moment and I think that I know how to use it now.

12. The ceiling in this room doesn’t look very safe. It looks as if it is going to fall down.

13. Where are you going? Are you going shopping? – Yes, I am going to buy something for dinner.

14. We are going to have a party next Sunday. Would you like to come?

15. Nick, is it true that you are going to get married  next week?

16. Ann, we are going to the country on Saturday. Are you coming with us?

17. When is your brother leaving?

18. I am not going away for my holidays next week because I haven’t got enough money.

19. What are you doing tomorrow evening?

20. There’s a film on television this evening. Are you going to watch it?

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