Тренировочные упражнения на указательные местоимения this(these) и that(those). Начальный уровень(elementary).

В прошлом сообщении я рассказала об указательных местоимениях this и that. Теперь их обязательно надо отработать на упражнениях. Начнем с очень простых предложений в которых надо просто отработать чтение речевых образцов и  поставить предложения в отрицательную и вопросительные формы. Перевод очень простой и с ним затруднений не предвидится.

This is a pen. These are pens.

This is a book. These are books.

This is a dog. These are dogs.

This is a cat. These are cats.

This is a table. These are tables.

This is a chair. These are chairs.

This is a window. These are windows.

This is a door. These are doors.

Отработайте чтение вопросов и ответов. Это очень распространенные вопросы.

What is this? This is a a book. It is a book.

What is this? This is a bag. It is a bag.

What is this? This is a pen. It is a pen.

What are these? These are books. They are books.

What are these? These are tables. They are tables.

What are these ? These are dogs. They are dogs.

What is that? That is a door. It is a door.

What is that? That is a window. It is a window.

What is that? That is a shop. It is a shop.

What are those? Those are windows. They are windows.

What are those? Those are shops. They are shops.

What are those? Those are trams. They are trams.

Is this a book? Yes, this is a book.

Is that a tram? Yes, this is a tram.

Are these tables? Yes, these are tables.

Are those shops? Yes, those are shops.

Is this a book? No, this is not a book. It’s a box.

Is that a dog? No, that isn’t a dog. It’s a cat.

Are these stools? No. these aren’t stools. They are tables.

Are those doors? No, these aren’t doors. They are windows.

В этих предложениях уже являются определениями и дополнениями:

This book is very interesting.

I want to take these pens.

That house is old.

Those pencils are good.

Read this at home.

Do that at once.

Write those words on the blackboard.

Запомните очень распространенный речевой образец:

WHAT’S THE ENGLISH FOR…?= КАК ПО-АНГЛИЙСКИ… ?

What is the English for this? = Как это будет по-английски?

The English for this is “a table”. = По-английски это будет “стол”.

What is the English for that? = Как то будет по-английски?

That is “ a window”. = То — “окно”.

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