Определители и предопределители существительных. Determiners and predeterminers.

Что такое определители существительных и почему важно их знать уже рассматривалось в прошлых сообщениях.  Однако я написала всего три определителя, теперь я напишу все определители на исчисляемые ( countable) существительные в единственном ( singular)  и множественном ( plural)  числе. Для примера возьмем какие-либо существительные, например: мальчик = boy; книга = book; час = hour; и сведем их в таблицу, чтобы было понятно, где какие определители стоят.

Есть еще такое понятие, как —  “предопределитель” = “predeterminer”. Когда два определителя стоят рядом , между ними стоит предлог “of” и первый определитель называется предопределителем. В таком случае предопределитель может быть замещен своим “аналогом” = “pro-form”.

Determiner   Count singular   Count plural                Predeterminer and Pro-form

a                     boy                 —                              one of the boys

the                  boy               boys                                      —

this                  boy                —                                          —

that                 boy                 —                                          —

these                —                  boys                                      —

those                —                   boys                                      —

all                    book               books                 all of the book / all of the books

any                   boy               boys                  any of the book/any of the books

some                   —                boys                  some of the boys

both                    —                boys                   both of the men

each                   boy                —                        each (one) of the boys

my, your, etc.       boy             boys                         —

either                  boy              —                        either (one) of the boys

neither                boy               —                         neither (one) of the boys

every                  boy               —                        every one of the boys

(a) few                                   boys                    (a) few of the boys

the first                boy              boys                     the first of the boys

the next               boy               boys                      the next of the boys

the last                boy               boys                      the last of the boys

the only                boy               boys                       the only one of the boys

another                 boy                 —                         another (one) of the boys

other                      —                boys                                   —

the other               boy               boys                                 —

several                     —                boys                    several of the boys

the same                boy               boys                                 —

the very                 boy               boys                                 —

such a                    boy                  —                                  —

such                         —                boys                                 —

half                        an hour         the boys               half of the boys

no                          boy                boys                  none of the boys

many                       —                   boys                  many of the boys

a good many             —                   boys               a good many of the boys

a great many            —                    boys                a great many of the boys

many a                   boy                  —                              —

most                        —                   boys                  most  of the boys

a lot of                     —                  boys                   a lot of the boys

lots of                      —                   boys                    lots of boys

a (great) number of    —                    boys                  a great number of the boys

plenty of                  —                    boys                  a plenty of boys

what                      boy                  boys                            —

which                     boy                  boys                  which of the boys

whose                    boy                  boys                            —

a certain                boy                   —                   a certain one of the boys

certain                   —                     boys                            —

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