Тренировочные упражнения. Past Continuous Tense. Средний уровень. Intermediate.Часть третья.

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Остановимся немного на отработке вопросов к сложно-подчиненному предложению типа “хозяин-слуга”. Понятно, что в такое предложение входят два простых предложения, и какое из них выбрать для вопроса? То, что стоит первым или вторым? Или это не имеет значения?

Во-первых, надо запомнить простое правило: В английском языке не бывает ничего по ”ДВА”. Не бывает двух отрицаний в одном предложении, не указывается два раза на грамматическое время ( то есть, если есть вспомогательный глагол , то смысловой глагол всегда в инфинитиве), и в одном предложении не может быть двух вопросов.

Во-вторых, уясняем еще одно правило для сложно подчиненных предложений: только хозяин может задавать вопрос. То есть, вопрос можно поставить только к главному предложению.

Давайте поставим вопросы к сложноподчиненному предложению, касающемуся нашей грамматической темы Past Continuous Tense.

The teacher came into the classroom (главное предложение или “хозяин”) when the children were writing a composition (придаточное предложение времени или “слуга”).

Итак, ставим вопросы к главному предложению, а придаточное предложение остается неизменным.

Did the teacher come into the classroom when the children were writing a composition?

Who came into the classrom when the children were writing a composition?

Where did the teacher come into when the children were writing a composition?

Давайте поменяем статус предложений: придаточное предложение станет главным, а главное предложение – придаточным.

When the teacher came into the classroom the children were writing a composition.

Ставим вопросы к главному предложению.

Were the children writing a composition when the teacher came into the classroom?

What were the children writing when the teacher came into the classroom?

What were the children doing when the teacher came into the classroom?

Поставьте к следующим предложениям вопросы, но вначале определите главное и придаточные предложения. В конце упражнения я напишу вопросы, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. My granny was having a walk in the park when it began to rain.

2. When my granny was having a walk in the park it began to rain.

3. When John saw Ann and Mary they were laughing gaily.

4. When Ann and Mary were laughing gaily John saw them.

5. The children were making a lot of noise when Tom entered the room.

6. When the children were  making a lot of noise Tom entered the room.

7. While George was sleeping this morning his mother was cooking breakfast.

8. George was sleeping this morning while his mother was cooking breakfast.

9. My brother fell off the ladder while he was repairing the roof.

10. My brother was repairing the roof when he fell off the ladder.

11. They were at home this afternoon when their father returned from the office.

12. When they were at home this afternoon their father returned from the office.

13. Last night Alan was typing an article when suddenly he heard a knock at the door.

14.  Alan heard a knock  at the door last night when he was typing an article.

15. Jane was working in the garden when I came to see her yesterday.

16. When jane was working in the garden yesterday I came to see her.

17. When Mary was 5 years old she began to learn English.

18. When Mary began to learn English she was 5 years old.

19. While Ann waiting for me this morning outside I was finishing the work.

20. While I was finishing the work this morning Ann was waiting for me outside.

Я поставлю вопросы к каждому предложению, чтобы вы могли себя проверить.

1. Who was having a walk in the garden when it began to rain?

What was my granny doing in the park when it began to rain?

Where was my granny having a walk when it began to rain?

2. Did it begin to rain when my granny was having a walk in the park?

What did it begin when my granny was having a walk in the park?

3. Were Ann and Mary laughing when John saw them?

What were Ann and Mary doing when John saw them?

4. Did John see Ann and Mary when they were laughing gaily?

Who saw Ann and Mary when they were laughing gaily?

Who did John see when Ann and Mary were laughing gaily?

5. Who was making a lot of noise when Tom entered the room?

What were the children doing when Tom entered the room?

6. Did Tom entered the room when the children were maling a lot of noise?

Who entered the room when the children were making a lot of noise?

Where did Tom enter when the children were mling a lot of noise?

7. Was his mother cooking breakfast while George was sleeping this morning?

Who was cooking breakfast while George was sleeping this morning?

What was his mother doing while George was sleeping this morning?

What was his mother cooking while George was sleeping morning? 

8. Was George sleeping this morning while his mother was cooking breakfast?

Who was sleeping this morning while his mother was cooking breakfast?

What was George doing while his mother was cooking breakfast? 

9. Did your brother fall off the ladder while he was repairing the roof?

Who fell off the ladder while he was repairing the roof?

Where did your brother fall off while he was repairing the roof?

10. Was your brother repairing the roof when he fell off the ladder?

Who was repairing the roof when he fell off the ladder?

What was your brother doing when he fell off the ladder?

What was your brother repairing when he fell off the ladder?

11. Were they at home when their father returned home from the home?

Who was at home this afternoon when their father returned home from the office?

Where were they this afternoon when their father returned home from the office?

12. Did their father return home from the office when they were at home?

Who returned home from the office when they were at home?

Where did their father return home from when they were at home?

13. Was Alan typing an article when he heard a knock at the door?

Who was typing an article when Alan heard a knock at the door?

What was Alan doing when he heard a knock at the door?

What was Alan typing when he heard a knock at the door?

14. Did Alan hear a knock at the door last night when he was typing an article ?

Who heard a knock at the door last night when Alan was typing an article?

What did Alan hear last night when he was typing an article ? 

15. Was Jane working in the garden when I came to see her yesterday?

Who was working in the garden when I came to see Jane yesterday?

What was Jane doing in the garden when I came to see her yesterday?

Where was Jane working when I came to see her yesterday?  

16. Did I come to see Jane yesterday when she was working in the garden?

Who came to see Jane yesterday when she was working in the garden?

Who did I come to see yesterday when Jane was working in the garden?

When did I come to see Jane when she was working in the garden?

17. Did Mary begin to learn English when she was 5 years old?

Who began to learn English when Mary was 5 years old?

What did Mary begin to learn when she was 5 years old?

18. Was Mary 5 years old when she began to learn English?

Who was 5 years old when Mary began to lean English?

How old was Mary when she began to learn English?

19. Was I finishing the work while Ann was waiting for me outside?

Who was finishing the work while Ann was waiting for me outside?

What was I doing while Ann was waiting for me outside?

What was I finishing while Ann was waiting for me outside?

20. Who was waiting for me outside while I was finishing the work?

Who was ann waiting for while I was finishing the work?

What was Ann doing outside while I was finishing the work?

Where was ann waitinig for while I was finishing the work?

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