Тренировочные упражнения. Past Perfect Tense. Начальный уровень. Elementary.

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Начинаем практиковаться, выполняя самые простейшие упражнения. Надо привыкнуть к новой грамматике, что называется, погрузиться в нее, и это можно сделать , читая английские предложения, в которых есть “характерные” черты предпрошедшего времени Past Perfect Tense.

Exercise 1. Поставьте следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную форму. Само собой разумеется, надо все предложения перевести и осмыслить почему они написаны именно в предпрошедшем времени.

1. My parents had finished packing by five o’clock.

2. His wife was not at home. She had gone out a quarter of an hour before.

3. They had read two English books by the end of the month.

4. Yesterday I recognized her at once. I had already met her before.

5. Mother had already had cooked dinner by noon.

6. The travelers had reached the village before the sunset.

7. They had already received the telegram by that time.

8. The pupil had translated the text before the bell.

9. The children had already done their homework before their mother’s coming.

10. John had looked through all the documents by the end of the day.

11. She had already spent all her money by that time.

12. The sun had set. It was getting dark.

13. Ann had studied English before entering the Institute.

14. The girls had cleaned the room by the time their mother came back.

15. She trained much before the Olympic games.

16. By two o’clock the teacher had examined all the students.

17. They had returned home by that time.

18. He had finished the work by Saturday.

19. By the end of the year he had already learnt to speak German.

20.  We had bought tickets in advance before leaving.

Exercise 2. Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в нужном прошедшем времени: Past Perfect Tense или Past Indefinite Tense.

1. Why the children ( not to return) home before it grew dark?

2. She told me his name after he ( to leave).

3. You ( to write) to your parents before you left for England?

4. He ( to do) nothing before he saw me.

5. The rain ( to begin) after we had come from the Institute.

6. My friend enjoyed his food as soon as he (to taste it).

7. The storm (to stop) before they left the village.

8. He thanked me for what I (to do).

9. They ( to go ) to the skating-rink before the snow stopped.

10. I (to be) sorry that I had hurt him.

11. When the children ( to finish) dinner , Mary looked at her watch.

12. After the children had gone to school, I (to begin) to do washing.

13. He ( to be) in the room for about an hour when he heard the doorbell ring.

14. Did you post the letter which you ( write) to your friend?

15. As soon as the boys (to enter) the room they began to speak about books and writers.

16. As soon as you ( to go), I wanted to see you again.

17. When the police ( to arrive) the car had already gone.

18. They dressed after they ( to wash).

19. The train ( to leave) when George came to the station.

20. After I had learned the news , I ( to hurry) to see him.

21. He already ( to take) the decision before I came to his place.

22. She told me her name after I ( to ask ) her twice.

23. We got to the stadium at four o’clock but the game already ( to start).

24. We found that we ( to lose) our way.

25. You (to find) the key which you had lost  before?

26. After you (to go), I went to sleep.

27. Ann ( to telephone) him three times but he had already left the city.

28. Yesterday I read the book after I ( to finish) my work.

29. Where Harry ( to go)  before you arrived?

30. When we arrived, the dinner already ( to begin).

31. You ( to look through) your composition before you handed it in?

32. He died after he ( to be) ill a long time.

33. Why you ( not to read) the whole of the book before you returned it to the library?

34. My friend ( not to see) me for many years when I met him last week.

35. Where Jane (to live) before she moved to this town?

36. He took the money after I ( to ask) not to do it.

37. The children ( to fall ) asleep before their parents returned from the pictures?

38. Mary (to finish) typing before there was a knock at the door.

39. Where he ( to go) after It had grown dark?

40. It rained yesterday after it ( to be) dry for many months.

31. Had you looked through your composition before you handed it in?

32. He died after he had been ill a long time.

33. Why hadn’t read the whole of the book before you returned it to the library?

34. My friend hadn’t seen me for many years when I met him last week.

35. Where had Jane lived before she moved to this town?

36. He took the money after I had asked not to do it.

37. Had the children fallen asleep before their parents returned from the pictures?

38. Mary had finished typing before there was a knock at the door?

39. Where did he go after it had grown dark?

40. It rained yesterday after it had been dry for many months.

41. Why didn’t go to the doctor after I ( to tell) you to do?

42. He had already learnt English before he ( to leave) for England.

43. But before arrived in England he ( forget) some.

44. In England he remembered all he ( to learn).

45. John ( to be ) thinner than I had seen him last.

46. The sun had set before I (to be ) ready.

47. The rain ( to stop) before they came back from their work?

48. The river became deeper after it ( to rain) heavily.

49. He wondered why I ( not to visit) him before.

50. The fire ( to spread) to the next building before the firemen arrived.

Я раскрою скобки и поставлю глаголы в нужное время, чтобы вы смогли себя проверить.

1. Why hadn’t  the children returned home before it grew dark?

2. She told me his name after he had left.

3. Had you written to your parents before you left for England?

4. He had done nothing before he saw me.

5. The rain began after we had come from the Institute.

6. My friend enjoyed the food as soon as he had tasted it.

7. The storm had stopped before they left the village.

8. He thanked me for I had done.

9. They had gone to the skating -rink before the snow stopped.

10. I was sorry that I had hurt him.

11. When the children had finished dinner , Mary looked at her watch.

12. After the children had gone to school, I began to do washing.

13. He had been in the room for about an hourwhen he heard the doorbell ring.

14. Did you post the letter which you had written to your friend?

15. As soon as the boys had enterd the room they began to speak about books and writers.

16. As soon as you had gone, I wanted to see you again.

17. When the police arrived the car had already gone.

18. They dressed after they had washed.

19. The train had left when George came to the station.

20. After I had learned the news, I hurried to see him.

21. He had already made the decision before I came to his place.

22. She told me her name after I had asked her twice.

23. We got to the stadium at four o’clock but the game had already started.

24. We found that we had lost our way.

25. Did you find the key which you had lost before?

26. After you had gone , I went to sleep.

27. Ann telephoned him three times but he had already left the city.

28. Yesterday I read the book after I had finished my work.

29. Where had Harry gone before you arrived?

30. When we arrived , the dinner had already started.

41. Why didn’t you go to the doctor after I had told you to do?

42. He had already learnt English before he left for England.

43. But before he arrived in England he had forgotten some.

44. In England he remembered all he had learned.

45. John was thinner than I had seen him last.

46. The sun had set before I was ready.

47. Had the rain stopped before they came back from their work?

48. The river became deeper after it had rained heavily.

49. He wondered why I hadn’t visited him before.

50. The fire had spread to the next building before the firemen arrived.

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