Прошедшее совершенное (перфектное ) длительное время. Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Образование.

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Прошедшее время (Past Tense) в действительном залоге имеет четыре группы: Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect и Perfect Continuous. Все четыре группы отличатся способом образования и смыслом, но вместе с тем они связаны между собой и в некоторых случаях взаимозаменяемы.

Все глагольные формы группы Perfect Continuous образуются по одной и той же формуле:

Вспомогательный глагол to BE + первое причастие PARTICIPLE I

В Past Perfect Continuous вспомогательный глагол to BE принимает форму Past Pefect (had been) и в результате мы имеем два вспомогательных глагола.

Итак, давайте рассмотрим, как образуется Past Perfect Continuous Tense, которая имеет два вспомогательных глагола had и been.

В вопросительной форме ПЕРВЫЙ вспомогательный глагол ставится перед подлежащим: Had I been speaking?

Отрицательная форма образуется при помощи частицы NOT, которая ставится после ПЕРВОГО вспомогательного глагола: I had not been speaking.

В вопросительно-отрицательной форме частица NOT ставится непосредственно после подлежащего: Had I not been speaking?

Утвердительная                  Отрицательная               Вопросительная
форма                               форма                            форма

I had been doing                I had not been doing         Had I been doing?

You had been doing            You had not been doing     Had you been doing?

He had been doing              He had not been doing      Had he been doing?

She had been doing             She had not been doing    Had she been doing?

It had been doing                It had not been doing       Had it been doing?

We had been doing              We had not been doing     Had we been doing?

You had been doing             You had not been doing     Had you been doing?

They had been doing            They had not been doing   Had they been doing?

Вопросительно- отрицательная форма Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

Had I not been translating?

Had you not been translating?

Had he not been translating?

Had she not been translating?

Had it not been translating?

Had we not been translating?

Had you not been translating?

Had they not been translating?

В разговорной речи в Past Perfect Continuous Tense употребляются те же сокращения в утвердительной и отрицательной формах, как и в Past Perfect Tense.

Утвердительная         Отрицательная сокращенная форма
сокращенная
форма

I’d been doing             I hadn’t been doing            or:     I’d not been doing

You’d been doing         You hadn’t been doing        or:     You’d not been doing

He’d been doing          He hadn’t been doing          or:     He’d not been doing

She’d been doing         She hadn’t been doing        or:     She’d not been doing

It’d been doing            It hadn’t been doing           or:     It’d not been doing

We’d been doing          We hadn’t been doing         or:     We’d not been doing

You’d been doing          You hadn’t been doing        or:     You’d not been doing

They’d been doing        They hadn’t been doing       or:     They’d not been doing

Сокращенная вопросительно- отрицательная форма Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

Hadn’t I been translating?

Hadn’t you been translating?

Hadn’t he been translating?

Hadn’t she been translating?

Hadn’t it been translating?

Hadn’t we been translating?

Hadn’t you been translating?

Hadn’t they been translating?

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